Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Educational Research Contributions to Analysis of Educational Challenges Challenges for Career Guidance in Small States is the outcome of a EU-funded Joint Actions research project co-ordinated by the Guidance Council of the UK. The study, published in English and Estonian, draws on small states research in such fields as economics, sociology, labour market studies, education and human resource development in order to build on the basic insight that small countries are not simply ‘scaled down versions’ of larger states. Rather, ‘scale’ creates a ‘micro-climate’ that generates sets of social, economic and cultural relationships that are specific (or at least particularly applicable) to small states—and therefore intrinsically different from those to be found in large states. The study suggests that the very notion of ‘career’, as well as our understanding of ‘career guidance’ and ‘career development’, need to take into account the specificity of small states. In doing so it lays the foundation for a new research agenda that has the potential of generating powerful insights about the way career guidance can be conceptualised in different contexts.

Facing the Hidden Drop-Out Challenge in Albania, published in English and Albanian, is the sixth case study of educational innovation carried out by Professor Sultana. Other qualitative studies have involved field work in Syria, Tunisia, the Occupied Territories, and Hebron in the West Bank. The latest study focuses on the attempt by Unicef and several NGO’s to ensure that children in remote areas in Egypt have access to basic schooling. The Albanian project looked at the phenomenon of ‘hidden drop-outs’, i.e. the propensity for teachers to focus on the achieving students, while ignoring the progress of pupils who have difficulties in following the curriculum. The Euro-Mediterranean Centre for Educational Research has, through such case studies, as well as through the publication of the Mediterranean Journal of Educational Studies (now in its eleventh year) and the Masters course it offers in comparative education studies, established itself as an important reference point for analysis of the educational challenges in the region.