A Journal of the University of Malta Medical School
Malta Medical Journal, 2006: 2; 17
This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of in-patients over the age of 60 years at St. Luke's hospital who were deemed to be social cases (SC). The majority (58.4%) were female and the mean age was 80 years (range 60-92, SD: 6.7 years). Most (80%) were found in medical wards. The mean length of stay was 22.5 days (range 1-290 days, SD: 36.4 days). Social cases were a frail group with a mean number of co-morbidities of 2.8 (range 0-6, SD:1.5). Dependency level was also high with a mean Barthel score of 6.8 (range 0-20, SD: 7.4). A diagnosis of dementia was documented on the patient's medical record in only 12%. However significant low Abbreviated Mental Test scores were found in 64% (mean AMT 5.0, range 0-9, SD: 2.8). These findings illustrate that most social cases at St. Luke's Hospital are not only there for `social' reasons but also have other factors involved, including a high dependency level in activities of daily living which hamper their discharge to the community. Rehabilitation using an interdisciplinary approach may help the less dependent return to the community.
Social cases, Abbreviated Mental Test, Barthel score, Activities of Daily Living
Full content in pdf
All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by other means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without prior permission, in writing, of the MMJ Editorial Board.
All articles published in the Malta Medical Journal, including editorials, represent the opinion of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the University of Malta or the institution with which the author is affiliated, unless this is clearly specified. The appearance of advertising in the Journal is not a guarantee or endorsement of the product or the claims for the product by the manufacturer. The Editorial Board disclaims any responsibility or liability for non-compliance of advertising artwork to Regulatory Units.