University of Malta

Study-Unit Description
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TITLE Principles and Perspectives of Science

LEVEL 02 - Years 2, 3 in Modular Undergraduate Course



DESCRIPTION 1. The dimensions of science: science as a body of knowledge, a process, a set of values, a problem-solving activity.
2. The growth of scientific knowledge including the role of induction, deduction and falsification in the development and demise of scientific theories.
3. The social construction of knowledge in science: scientific communities, paradigms, normal science, revolutionary science, research programmes.
4. Historical perspectives: the scientific revolution of the 16th - 17th centuries; atomic theory and the revolution in chemistry; the biological explanation of the generation of living things and their variety.

Reading List

- Boyd, R., Gasper, P. and Trout, J.D. (eds.) The Philosophy of science, The M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1991.
- Kuhn, T.S., The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (2nd Ed.), International Encyclopedia of Unified Sciences, Vol. II, no. 2, 1969.
- Lakatos, I. and Musgrave, A. (eds), Criticism and the Growth of Knowledge,: C.U.P., Cambridge, 1970.
- Popper, K.R. Science: conjectures and refutations (4th ed.), Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1981.


Assessment Component/s Resit Availability Weighting
Examination (1 Hour) Yes 100%

LECTURER/S Frank J. Ventura

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