Study-Unit Description

Study-Unit Description


TITLE Musculoskeletal System

LEVEL 05 - Postgraduate Modular Diploma or Degree Course



DESCRIPTION The study-unit aims to describe the relationship between the structure and function of the human body. It involves the understanding of the macroscopic anatomy of the upper and lower limb, the spine and the structure of the thorax and abdomen. This study-unit highlights the inter-relationships among bones, joints, the muscles and nerves to form functional units centered around the movements of the body. Additionally, this study unit will also describe the micro-structure of tissues and the initial development of the human being from the time of gametogenesis to the end of organogenesis.

In addition to lectures, this study unit will also enable students to experience practical and hands-on anatomy by examination of musculoskeletal structures in prosected specimens.

Study-unit Aims:

1. To familiarize students with the micro-structure and function of various tissue types; including epithelia, connective tissue, muscle, nerve, blood, bone and joints;
2. To provide an overview of core anatomical knowledge and physiological concepts regarding the upper and lower limbs, the spine, thoracic and abdominal walls, the respiratory, cardiovascular, endocrine, gastrointestinal systems.

Learning Outcomes:

1. Knowledge & Understanding:
By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to:

1. Correlate the structure and function of the musculoskleletal, cardiovascular, respiratory, endocrine and gastrointestinal systems;
2. Describe the structure and inter-relations of the bones, joints, muscles, nerves and blood vessels in the upper and lower limb;
3. Correlate the structure and function of the thoracic and abdominal walls, pelvis and spine.

2. Skills:
By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to:

1. Outline and define the planes and main landmarks in the body, and define directional terms of movement;
2. Describe the structure, functions and variations of the skin and its appendages;
3. Outline the ultrastructure and molecular mechanisms mediating muscle contraction;
4. Identify the functionally relevant characteristics of different epithelia, glands, connective tissues, muscle, nerve, blood and bone;
5. Name and demonstrate the muscles and movements acting on the joints of the body, and the nerves supplying them;
6. Name the gross and microscopic features of the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal and endocrine systems, and relate the structure to function of major body systems;
7. Describe the main stages of human embryologic development.

Main Text/s and any supplementary readings:

Clinical Anatomy by Regions, Richard. S. Snell, 8th Edition
January 2007, Lipincott
ISBN-10: 0-7817-6404-1
ISBN-13: 978-0-7817-6404-9

Imaging Atlas of Human Anatomy, Weir, Jamie and Abrahams, Peter, 3rd Edition, 2003. ISBN-13: 978-0-7234-3211-1; ISBN-10: 0-7234-3211-2

Young Lowe, Stevens, Heath and Deakin
Wheater's functional Histology. A text and colour atlas. 5th Edition, 2006. ISBN-13: 978-0-443-06850-8 ISBN-10: 0-443-06850-X. Imprint: CHURCHILL LIVINGSTONE

ADDITIONAL NOTES Pre-Requisite Study-units: PHB5401 or PHB5402 or PHB5403 or PHB5404

STUDY-UNIT TYPE Lecture, Independent Study & Practicum

Assessment Component/s Assessment Due Resit Availability Weighting
Essay SEM1 Yes 30%
Examination (2 Hours) SEM1 Yes 70%

LECTURER/S Ernest Azzopardi
Jean Calleja Agius
Marie Therese Camilleri Podesta'
Sarah Cuschieri
Ryan Giordmaina
Christian Zammit

The University makes every effort to ensure that the published Courses Plans, Programmes of Study and Study-Unit information are complete and up-to-date at the time of publication. The University reserves the right to make changes in case errors are detected after publication.
The availability of optional units may be subject to timetabling constraints.
Units not attracting a sufficient number of registrations may be withdrawn without notice.
It should be noted that all the information in the description above applies to study-units available during the academic year 2020/1. It may be subject to change in subsequent years.