Study-Unit Description

Study-Unit Description


TITLE The EU and Mediterranean Diplomacy

LEVEL 05 - Postgraduate Modular Diploma or Degree Course


DEPARTMENT European Studies

DESCRIPTION The Mediterranean Region is very important for the European Union, and better understanding of the diplomacy of the region is a sine qua non towards the understanding of the regional politics and economics and their ramifications, not only for the region itself but also for the adjoining continents, Europe and Africa. The discussion from the standpoint of the EU as a central international actor, focuses on (a) the meaning of diplomacy and how it is conducted; (b) Paradiplomacy; (c) parliamentary diplomacy, and (d) cultural, energy, environmental and science diplomacy. The main policies pursued by the EU in the region provide a definite example of diplomacy in action, but the course is not limited to that aloneWe also study the diplomatic efforts surrounding key events in the Mediterranean region in which the EU becomes directly or indirectly involved. These include (among others): (1) the 5+5 cooperation in the Western Mediterranean; (2) the ongoing conflicts such as the Arab-Israeli conflict, Syria and Libya; (3) protecting the Mediterranean environment: from the 1976 Barcelona Convention to Climate change and safeguarding the future of fish stocks.

Paradiplomacy looks at the international relations and cooperation of national regions and how this may be positively impacted by the EU’s macro-regional strategy; parliamentary diplomacy looks at the cooperation of national parliaments in the region. Cultural diplomacy focuses on the inter-cultural and inter-religious dialogue that the EU has singled out since 2017 as a main objective in its foreign policy approaches and which is so crucial to the region.

Study-Unit Aims:

The aim is to allow participants in the seminars to understand how states engage with one another in international relations, through what we commonly describe as diplomacy, how they have tried to overcome diplomatic stalemates in reaching agreement in a number of fields and how and when diplomatic efforts fail to achieve results. The discussion is centered on the EU as an international actor in the Mediterranean region.

Learning Outcomes:

1. Knowledge & Understanding:

By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to understand the meaning of diplomacy, how it is conducted, why states seek this method of engaging with one another, how the lives of citizens have been affected, when and why agreements stick and when and how agreements became a dead letter, the weight of history and the art of diplomatic negotiations. EU Diplomacy in the Mediterranean, its scope, failures and achievements.

2. Skills:

By the end of the study-unit the student will be able to analyze the difficulties which states face in the practice of diplomacy, the conditions which normally lead to agreements between states, how states achieve consensus on international issues and the advantage of diplomatic engagement in its various hues over other methods by which states try to influence each other's actions in the international arena with particular reference to the challenges which the EU faces in the Mediterranean region.

Reading List:

Main Texts

- Andrew F. Cooper,Jorge Heine, Ramesh Thakur (eds.) (2013) The Oxford Handbook of Modern Diplomacy (Oxford Handbooks in Politics & International Relations).
- Joseph M. Siracusa (2010) "Diplomacy: A Very Short Introduction" (Very Short Introductions), Oxford University Press.
- Manuel Duran (2015), "Mediterranean Paradiplomacies: The Dynamics of Diplomatic Reterritorialization", BRILL Nijhoff.
- Sotiris Varouxakis (2013). The Diplomacy of the Mediterranean. EPLO. Athens, Greece.
- Andrea Cofelice (2019). Parliamentary Institutions in Regional and International Governance: Functions and Powers”. Routledge.
- Stelios Stavridis, and Davor Jančić, (eds.) (2017) “Parliamentary Diplomacy in European and Global Governance”, BRILL.

Supplementary Readings

- Tavares Rodrigo (2016). Paradiplomacy: Cities and states as Global Players. Oxford University Press.
Hans Günter Brauch et al. (eds.) (2003), "Security and Environment in the Mediterranean: conceptualising security and Environmental Conflicts", Springer.
- Ruffini, Pierre-Bruno (2017), "Science and Diplomacy: A New Dimension of International Relations", Springer.
- Elena Calandri, Daniele Caviglia, Antonio Varsori (2016), "Détente in Cold War Europe: Politics and Diplomacy in the Mediterranean and the Middle East", I.B.Tauris.
- Costas M. Constantinou, Pauline Kerr, Paul Sharp (2016) "The SAGE Handbook of Diplomacy", SAGE.
- G. R. Berridge (2015) "Diplomacy: Theory and Practice", Palgrave.
- Ralph Feltham (2004), "Diplomatic Handbook" Eighth or later edition Martinus Nijhoff Publishers.
- Lawrence E. Susskind, Saleem H. Ali, and Foreword by Zakri Abdul Hamid "Environmental Diplomacy Negotiating More Effective Global Agreements", Oxford University Press, second edition or later.
- Melissen, J. (Ed.) (2005) "The New Public Diplomacy Soft Power in International Relations", Palgrave.
- Editors: Lesser, Pamela (2009), “Greening the Mediterranean: Europe's Environmental Policy toward Mediterranean Neighbors.” Mediterranean Quarterly, Vol. 20, No. 2, 26-39.
- Niklas Bremberg (2015). Diplomacy and Security Community-Building: EU Crisis Management in the Western Mediterranean. Routledge.
- Tagliapietra Simone (2017). Energy Relations in the Euro-Mediterranean: A Political Economy Perspective. Palgrave.
- Shah Timothy Samuel, Stepan Alfred and Toft Monica Duffy (eds.) (2012). Rethinking Religion and World Affairs. Oxford University Press.

ADDITIONAL NOTES Failure in submitting the Seminar Paper or an unjustified absence in the Examination will result in an overall fail.

Class attendance is obligatory, as this is a seminar based course and assessment depends on class participation. Should a student miss more than two seminars, the lecturer may refuse to allow the student to sit for the exam.


Assessment Component/s Assessment Due Resit Availability Weighting
Seminar Paper [See Add. Notes] SEM2 Yes 25%
Examination [See Add. Notes] (3 Hours) SEM2 Yes 75%

LECTURER/S Roderick Pace

The University makes every effort to ensure that the published Courses Plans, Programmes of Study and Study-Unit information are complete and up-to-date at the time of publication. The University reserves the right to make changes in case errors are detected after publication.
The availability of optional units may be subject to timetabling constraints.
Units not attracting a sufficient number of registrations may be withdrawn without notice.
It should be noted that all the information in the description above applies to study-units available during the academic year 2020/1. It may be subject to change in subsequent years.