University of Malta

Internal Combustion Engines
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Research in internal combustion engines is ongoing in different aspects from designing and building novel engines, namely opposed piston, free piston and variable compression ratio engines. The use of electronic engine control and development of advanced electronic engine control schemes for example for knock mitigation. In cylinder pressure measurements and analysis. Engine mapping for applications, such as FSAE competition. Turbocharging, implementation on engines, simulation and also turbocharger mapping by hot gas flowbench is being implemented. Engine simulation with One Dimensional codes, simulation of petrol, diesel and also HCCI. The use of alternative fuels in engines, namely LPG or autogas, biodiesel, HHOwas used as a combustion enhancer.


Selected Publications

  • Farrugia, Mario; Briffa, Andrew; Farrugia, Michael,Liquid State LPG Conversion of an Older Vehicle,SAE International Powertrain Fuels and Lubricants Conference, 20-23 October Birmingham UK, SAE Paper 2014-01-2613, DOI 10.4271/2014-01-2613
  • Zammit, Glenn; Farrugia, Mario; Ghirlando, Robert,Experimental investigation of the effects of hydrogen enhanced combustion in SI and CI engines on performance and emissions,HEFAT 2012, 9th International Conference on Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Malta, 16-18 July 2012
  • Camilleri, William; Farrugia, Mario,HCCI simulation of a Non Reciprocating Internal Combustion Engine,IMechE conference on Internal Combustion Engines Performance, Fuel Economy and Emissions - C684, 8-9 Dec 2009
  • Farrugia, Mario; Alkidas, A. C.; Sangeorzan, Brian,Transient Surface Heat-Flux Measurements in the Exhaust of a SI Engine,Internal Journal of Vehicle Design 2007, Vol. 45. Nos. 1/2, pp. 1-11
  • Cauchi, Jonathan; Farrugia, Mario; Balzan, Noel,Engine Simulation of a Restricted Formula SAE® Engine, Focusing on Restrictor Modelling,SAE Paper 2006-01-3651, Motorsports Engineering Conference & Exposition, December 5-7 2006, Dearborn Michigan USA, DOI 10.4271/2006-01-3651
  • Farrugia, Mario; Alkidas, A. C.; Sangeorzan,Brian,Cycle-Averaged Heat Flux Measurements in a Straight-Pipe Extension of the Exhaust Port of an SI Engine,SAE Paper No. 2006-01-1033, SAE 2006 Transactions - J. Engines, V115-3, pp. 565-575, 2006


  • Grech, A., Sant, T. and Farrugia, M.,The Effects of Thermocouple Materials and Insulating Mica in An Erodable Surface Thermocoupler,ASME Heat Transfer Conference, August 2008.
  • Farrugia, Mario; Farrugia, Michael; Sangeorzan, Brian,ECU Development for a Formula SAE Engine,SAE Paper 2005-01-0027. SAE World Congress April 11-14, 2005.  DOI 10.4271/2005-01-0027
  • Farrugia, Mario; Rossey, Mike; Sangeorzan, Brian,On the use of a Honda 600cc 4-Cylinder Engine for Formula SAE Competition,SAE Paper 2005-01-0025, SAE World Congress April 11-14, 2005, DOI 10.4271/2005-01-0025
  • Farrugia M.,Report for Ricardo: Engine simulation for Formula SAE report written in 2004 and made available by Ricardo to students online


Last Updated: 4 May 2015

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