University of Malta

LL.M. in European & Comparative Law
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LL.M. in European & Comparative Law 

Get to know more about full-time course here and part-time course here  

Programme Overview

The first aim of the programme is to provide postgraduate specialization in European Union Law and related comparative law to holders of a good first degree in law. The programme of studies ranges over a large list of subject areas which are sub-disciplines of European Law and often overlap with their counterpart domestic law, and from which the student chooses a number of study-units. In principle, the comparative (national law) dimension is worked into most subjects, while also being the principal methodology employed in a number of study units. The level of the degree compares with the level of leading LL.M. programmes in other European universities, this being certified on an annual basis by an external examiner from a European university, with this appointment alternating every three years. The second aim is to prepare the successful students for a specialist career, whether in the European Union Institutions, in other international organizations, as advisors to government and other entities, or in private practice in Malta, rest of Europe and elsewhere.

European Union law is an all-embracing, rapidly developing, and ever more significant and fascinating area of the law. A solid and in-depth knowledge thereof is essential in all areas of legal practice today. The programme provides an in-depth education in European Union law. It establishes a balance between the economic and the constitutional aspects of European law, and emphasizes both the increasing complexity of EU law and the context in which it is evolving.

List of study-units 

For a detailed list of study-units on offer please click here

Learning Outcomes

europe_banner_1The students are able to select study-units of their choice and to write a dissertation on a subject of their choice. They are also able to stream their choice so as to focus on particular areas of European Union Law, such as European Public Law, European Commercial Law or European Administrative Law, with guidance in their choice from members of the Department. Students can therefore choose whether to acquire a depth of knowledge and range of skills across the broad area of European Law, or alternatively to group a number of study-units together with a view to  developing a particular depth of knowledge across a set of related study-units. The knowledge will range over the understanding of the relevant Treaty provisions and the laws and other acts adopted under them through study and critical analysis of the academic literature as well as the case law of the Court of Justice of the Union. Also, reference will often be made to relevant Member State legislation and court judgements. Practice is not forgotten and practitioners’ journals are frequently referred to on many of the courses. This approach develops interpretational and applicational skills against the backdrop of sound theoretical knowledge and understanding. The knowledge and skills acquired are applicable in law practice, in adjudication, and in further studies to Ph.D. level should the student wish to pursue an academic career in Malta or abroad.

The overall learning outcomes for Master in Laws (LL.M.) in European and Comparative Law students therefore include:

1. A deeper knowledge and understanding of chosen areas of European law and policy, and their interaction with Member State law and policy
2. Schooling in the academic literature, and trends in the case-law of the Court of Justice of the EU
3. Acquisition of advanced legal research skills 
4. Advanced ability to communicate the results of research through presentations, debating and writing of term papers and dissertations
5. Advanced ability to identify and analyse problems from a legal perspective
6. The IT skills necessary to facilitate these tasks including the use of bibliographic software and the use of data bases and search engines
7. Advanced ability to read beyond legal doctrine and to evaluate the relevance and importance of other disciplines for legal analysis

Career opportunities & Access to further studies 

All_flagsThis postgraduate academic programme provides students with an in depth education in European law. The degree is generally known in Europe as the Master of Laws (LL.M.) It establishes a balance between providing knowledge of the core economic/social and the constitutional/institutional aspects of European law and allows for specialisation in a number of areas of law such as competition law, aspects of the law of the internal market, company law, consumer law, trade law, justice and home affairs law and several others.

LL.M. European and Comparative Law graduates have privileged access to high level practice, national and international, and to a large number of positions requiring expertise in European Law. Many graduates have gone straight into high level employment with the European Institutions, often directly in the field of specialization on which they focused while on the degree. Many have done the same with law firms, while others have gone into employment with the civil service, often in their chosen field. Others have found that their already existing career has benefited. A number have found employment with law firms in other Member States. A significant number of the students on the degree take the programme over two academic years on a part-time basis. For those aiming for an academic career, the degree provides an excellent basis for the pursuit of the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) degree in law


Up-dated list of study-units

List of Study-Units

The list below is intended for information purposes only. As this website is set in advance, for a more detailed and updated list including learning outcomes and references of each study-unit, please click here for the programme of study of the current academic year.
Students are required to acquire passes to the value 60 ECTS from the Taught Component and 30 ECTS from the Research Component to pass the LL.M. Students may in principle choose the stipulated value of study-units from the list of the published course programme of the respective academic year.  There are no compulsory taught-study units. The list of study-units available in any particular year may vary from year to year depending on the registered student’s choices.

Taught Component 

12 ECTS study-units running from October to May

ECL 5032 European Union Tax Law
ECL 5033 Intellectual Property Law: Issues and Harmonization in an International and EU Context
ECL 5034 European and Comparative Business Enterprise Law
ECL 5036 The Law of Fundamental Freedoms of the European Union (Internal Market)
ECL 5041 EU and Comparative Competition Law

ECL 5042 EU & Comparative Consumer Law
ECL 5043 EU Information Technology Law
ECL 5050 Judicial Protection in the EU
ECL 5056 EU Area of Freedom, Security and Justice Law - Principles and Policies

ECL 5068 E-Commerce Law and Policy in the EU                                        

6 ECTS study-units running either from October to January or from February to May

ECL 5035 Labour Law in the European Union
ECL 5037 EU Financial Services Law

ECL 5038 Environmental Legislation and Policy of the European Union
ECL 5039 EU Transport Law

ECL 5040 EU Trade Law and Policy
ECL 5049 The Law of the Institutions in the EU
ECL 5053 European Union Constitutional Law

ECL 5057 EU Social Law and Policy
ECL 5058 Fundamental Rights in the European Union

ECL 5066 European Business Private International Law
ECL 5067 European & International Comparative Commercial Law  


Compulsory Units – 30 ECTS

ECL 5054 Dissertation

Last Updated: 30 April 2018

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