Referencing is the process of providing detailed information on all sources consulted to compile an article, book chapter, essay or dissertation both within the text (in-text citations) and at the end of your work (reference list or bibliography). This will allow readers to easily locate the original sources and consult them.
Referencing is important as it shows the reader that you have researched the subject widely and adds weight to your arguments by supporting them with relevant literature.
It also separates your ideas/results from someone else’s findings by giving credit to the authors of the cited works. Referencing shows the credibility and quality of resources used and helps you avoid plagiarism
You should reference all sources that you cited in your text (reference list) as well as sources used to prepare the writing (bibliography).
Plagiarism is a term used when an author either purposely or unintentionally presents someone else’s work as if it is his/her own work. Therefore, using other people’s ideas/works without citing the sources is considered as plagiarism.
Always remember that if you are quoting, paraphrasing or summarising someone else’s work, you always need to acknowledge the source.
Be careful of self-plagiarism. Using your previously submitted work without acknowledging it is also considered as a form of plagiarism.
Plagiarism is treated very seriously and results in disciplinary action.
A reference management software allows you to collect, store, organise, add notes, link (to full-text, web pages and documents), cite, and create bibliographies in your preferred reference style.