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Title: Track two diplomacy and conflict resolution : a case study of Israel-Palestine negotiations in the run-up to the Oslo accords
Authors: Rizzo Naudi, Andrew
Keywords: Track two diplomacy
Israel -- Foreign relations -- Palestine
Palestine -- Foreign relations -- Israel
Diplomatic negotiations in international disputes
Arab-Israeli conflict -- 1993 -- Peace
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: When speaking about diplomatic processes aimed at resolving a conflict, the first image that generally comes to mind is that of government representatives sitting around a negotiating table and attempting to come up with a solution. This type of practice is known as Track One diplomacy. Whilst it serves as an indispensable channel for government-to-government interaction, Track One diplomacy is often not entirely effective in resolving conflicts. At times government representatives are unaware of the actual situation on the ground, and hold misperceptions about their adversaries. A sustainable peace agreement cannot be found when conflicting parties are unable to recognise the conflict situation and acknowledge each other’s views. Therefore, diplomatic processes are changing in order to address areas in which traditional Track One diplomacy has proven insufficient. One such change has arisen with the emergence of Track Two diplomacy, which constitutes unofficial talks between members of conflicting parties. Track Two participants can be academics and former diplomats to name a few. Unofficial diplomacy provides an informal setting in which participants from both sides can form social bonds and feel comfortable to share their perspectives with each other. It is believed that the results of Track Two talks can be transferred to Track One diplomacy so as to improve peace negotiations. The aim of this dissertation is to evaluate the extent to which this is true. Track Two diplomacy has become a necessary medium for addressing multifaceted conflicts, such as those based on identity. It is for this reason that a case study on past Israeli-Palestinian Track Two processes was conducted. The Israel-Palestine conflict represents one of the most intractable identity-based conflicts in the Mediterranean region. In spite of the hostilities between the conflicting parties, however, the case study analysis found that Track Two talks can bring results even during times of heightened tension. The development of Track Two diplomacy gives private citizens a chance to try and influence their governments’ positions during a wide range of conflict and negotiation stages. Accordingly, this study deems Track Two methods as constituting “direct diplomacy”.
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - InsMADS - 2016

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