Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/15630
Title: Copy or authentic : analysis of a Phoenician gold ring from the National Museum of Archaeology, Valletta, Malta
Authors: Vella, Daniel
Licari, James
Vella, Nicholas C.
Sultana, Sharon
Ciantar, Vanessa
Keywords: Phoenician antiquities -- Malta
Gold rings
Authentication
Issue Date: 2009-12
Publisher: ArcheoSciences
Citation: Vella, D., Licari, J., Vella, N. C., Sultana, S., & Ciantar, V., (2009). Copy or authentic : analysis of a Phoenician gold ring from the National Museum of Archaeology, Valletta, Malta. ArcheoSciences, 33, 349-355.
Abstract: The present work is a study of a Phoenician finger ring from the collection of the National Museum of Archaeology, Malta. The item was first described by the museum’s director Themistocles Zammit in 1925, and is believed to date to the 6th century BC. The ring consists of two stirrup-shaped hoops, which can be worn separately or fitted together and worn as a single piece. Inscribed on the bezel surface is a seafaring vessel. Zammit described the artefact as manufactured in pure gold, quoting its mass as 9.65 g. The ring in the collection fits Zammit’s description but differs significantly in weight. The aim of this paper is throw light on the authenticity of this ring using documentary sources and non-invasive scientific techniques of analysis. Optical and electron microscopy allowed a thorough description of the manufacturing technique, while the material analysis was conducted via energy dispersive spectrometry. As a result of these analyses, it was concluded that the ring is not authentic, but is most probably a copy, possibly commissioned by Zammit himself.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar//handle/123456789/15630
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacArtCA

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