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dc.contributor.authorBorg, Joseph A.-
dc.contributor.authorSchembri, Patrick J.-
dc.contributor.authorKnittweis, Leyla-
dc.identifier.citationBorg, J. A., Schembri, P. J., & Knittweis, L. (2013). Compilation of an interpretation manual for marine habitats within the 25 NM Fisheries Management Zone around the Republic of Malta. (MEPA tender reference: T2/2013). Floriana: Malta Environment and Planning Authority. 218.en_GB
dc.description.abstractSeveral EU Directives and regional conventions are concerned with the protection and conservation of marine habitats of special importance; a necessary prerequisite to implement such legislation are marine habitat classification systems and information on the distribution of marine habitat types. There are several habitat classification schemes in use for the description, designation and monitoring of habitats. The ‘Interpretation Manual for Marine Habitats within the 25 NM Fisheries Management Zone around the Republic of Malta’ provides an updated description of marine habitats found around the Maltese Islands, as well as a cross-referencing scheme for the different habitat classification systems. Marine habitats are listed according to bathymetric zone, going from shallow to deep water. The bathymetric zones included in the interpretation manual are: (1) mediolittoral, (2) infralittoral, (3) circalittoral, and (4) bathyal. Habitats listed in the European Nature Information System (EUNIS) database were reviewed, habitats which are present in the Maltese Islands were identified, and ‘new’ habitat categories have been included in the manual where there was no equivalent EUNIS habitat. For each habitat category presented, cross- references to the system used in connection with the Protocol for Specially Protected Areas and Biodiversity in the Mediterranean (SPABM) of the Barcelona Convention, to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) classification system of predominant habitat types, as well as to the marine habitats listed in Annex I of the ‘Habitats Directive’, were established. In addition a scheme to enable the assessment of the conservation status of marine habitats as required under the ‘Habitats Directive’ was drawn up by considering the habitat range, the area occupied by a habitat, habitat structure and function, and the habitat’s future prospects. Suitable indicators to assess favourable conservation status are presented for (i) sandbanks, (ii) Posidonia beds, (iii) reefs and (iv) sea caves. In addition, indicators to assess the conservation status of maerl beds are presented due to the local significance and the sensitivity of this habitat. The manual thus intends to aid in the implementation of measures for the protection of marine habitats and hence, ultimately, to ensure effective and efficient management of the marine environment under the jurisdiction of Malta up to the 25 NM boundary, in line with the relevant legislation.en_GB
dc.publisherMalta Environment and Planning Authorityen_GB
dc.subjectMarine habitat conservation -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectCoastal zone management -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectFisheries -- Environmental aspects -- Maltaen_GB
dc.titleCompilation of an interpretation manual for marine habitats within the 25 NM Fisheries Management Zone around the Republic of Maltaen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
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