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Title: Evaluating the effects of PIRAC nitrogen-diffusion treatments on the mechanical performance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy
Authors: Bonello, T.
Avelar-Batista Wilson, J. C.
Housden, Jonathan
Gutmanas, Elazar Y.
Gotman, Irene
Matthews, Allan
Leyland, Adrian
Cassar, Glenn
Keywords: Alloys
Electrons -- Backscattering
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Bonello, T., Wilson, J. A. B., Housden, J., Gutmanas, E. Y., Gotman, I., Matthews, A., ... & Cassar, G. (2014). Evaluating the effects of PIRAC nitrogen-diffusion treatments on the mechanical performance of Ti-6Al-4V alloy. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 619, 300-311.
Abstract: Powder Immersion Reaction Assisted Coating (PIRAC) is a relatively simple nitrogen diffusion based process which has been proposed as a technique capable of considerable improvements in the tribological performance of ceramics and metals alike; however, the necessary exposure of the substrate material to high temperatures for several hours may have an adverse effect on the bulk properties of materials such as titanium alloys. The effect of PIRAC treatments on the bulk metallography and mechanical properties of Ti–6Al–4V has been studied. Following PIRAC nitrogen-diffusion treatment, studies using X-ray diffraction and cross-sectional microscopy have shown evidence of the formation of a thin (1.4 mm) TiN/Ti2N layer, together with the presence of some Ti3Al intermetallic phase. Semi- logarithmic S–N plots show a deleterious effect after PIRAC treatment in terms of material cyclic fatigue strength, particularly at higher treatment temperatures. Samples processed at 800 1C for 4 h however exhibit better fatigue performance than others treated at lower temperatures for longer nitriding times. Fractographic inspection has shown that fatigue cracks originate at (or near) the surface for the untreated Ti-alloy and from the subsurface regions following diffusion treatment, owing to the build-up of compressive stresses in the latter, which hinder crack propagation.
Description: The authors would like to thank the European Regional Development Fund (Malta) for research equipment funded through the application of the project “Developing an Interdisciplinary Material Testing and Rapid Prototyping R&D Facility (Ref. no. 012)”. The authors are also greatly indebted to MATERAþ/ERA-NET Plus for funding support for this research (Project ESM-1935).
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacEngMME

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