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Title: Prevention and control of marine pollution from ships and ports in China from a legal perspective
Authors: Shen, Chenchen
Keywords: Marine pollution -- Law and legislation -- China
United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (1972 : Stockholm, Sweden)
Marine resources conservation -- Law and legislation -- China
Oil pollution of the sea -- Law and legislation -- China
Ships -- Safety regulations -- China
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: After the policy of reform and opening was implemented, all kinds of industries have boomed in China, like energy industry, raw material industry and high-tech manufacturing industry. The huge growth in import and export volume propelled Chinese Shipping industries and port industries. However, the busy shipping trade and operation near ports within the coastal areas also contribute a lot to the marine pollution. According to the Bulletin of Marine Environmental Status of China from 2000 to 2015, the seawater condition has become worse and worse in recent years (SOA, China, 2000-2015). After the United Nations Conference on Human Environment in 1972 at Stockholm, China started its journey to establish the legal regime for environmental protection (Fan, 2003, p.107). In 1982, the Marine Environment Protection Law of China was enacted and entered into force in March 1983. Later on, a series of regulations and measures were adopted, such as the 1974 Provisional Rules of Preventing Coast Water Pollution of the P.R.C., the 1983 Regulations Concerning the Prevention of Pollution of Sea Areas by Vessels, and the 1985 Regulations of the People's Republic of China on the Control over Dumping Wastes into the seawater. Since 2012, the work of establishment the compensation fund for vesselinduced oil pollution damage and of collection the money came into operation. The dissertation is an examining of the legal regime relating to China’s marine environmental protection on prevention and control pollution from ships and ports. Its main body of the dissertation is divided into three parts: the main relevant international conventions into which China has assessed; China’s domestic legal regime; and two relevant regional action plans. This dissertation will also examine certain lacunas of the current Chinese legal system concerning marine environmental protection from prevention and control pollution from ships and ports and giving possible suggestions.
Description: M.A.OCEAN GOV.
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacLaw - 2016

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