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dc.contributor.authorBlagojevic, Milan-
dc.contributor.authorSoler, Richard-
dc.contributor.authorDepasquale, George-
dc.contributor.authorBonnici, Mario R.-
dc.contributor.authorSchiro, Denis-
dc.identifier.citationMaltese Medical Journal. 1990, Vol. 2(1), p. 37-40en_GB
dc.description.abstractOcular manifestations of leprosy in 100 patients examined were reported on; -80% were suffering from the lepromatous type of the disease. The most frequent change was loss of eyebrows (40%) which was seen mainly in lepromatous patients. The sclera and cornea were rarely affected separately, but sclerokerato-iridocyclitis was found in 3%. On the other hand, the iris was involved rather more often -16% (atrophy of the iris -4, atrophy of the pupillary margin -3, miosis -1, posterior synechiae -6, keratic precipitates -1, and iris "pearls" -1). The iritis always had an insidious chronic evolution. The origin of the iritis is probably multifactorial: a) neuroparalytic due to involvement of the autonomic nerves supplying the iris muscles, primarily dilator; b) direct effect of Mycobacterium leprae on the iris tissue; and c) immune or auto-immune mechanisms. The posterior uvea was rarely affected (2%). No case of primary glaucoma was detected, but secondary glaucoma due to sclerokerato-iridocyclitis was found in 2 cases. Cataract seems to occur more frequently in leprosy patients (20%) than in the general population. The anterior segment was mostly affected (21%), and all these cases belonged to the lepromatous (16) or borderline lepromatous (5) type.en_GB
dc.publisherMaltese Medical Journalen_GB
dc.subjectLeprosy -- Malta -- Case studiesen_GB
dc.subjectEye -- Diseases -- Malta -- Case studiesen_GB
dc.titleOcular manifestations in lepromatous and tuberculoid leprosyen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
Appears in Collections:MMJ, Volume 2, Issue 1
MMJ, Volume 2, Issue 1

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