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Title: Acute inactivation of the medial forebrain bundle imposes oscillations in the SNr : a challenge for the 6-ohda model?
Authors: Galati, Salvatore
D'Angelo, Vincenza
Olivola, Enrica
Marzetti, Francesco
Di Giovanni, Giuseppe
Stanzione, Paolo
Stefani, Alessandro
Keywords: Parkinson's disease
Basal ganglia
Medial forebrain bundle
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Academic Press
Citation: Galati, S., D’angelo, V., Olivola, E., Marzetti, F., Di Giovanni, G., Stanzione, P., & Stefani, A. (2010). Acute inactivation of the medial forebrain bundle imposes oscillations in the SNr : a challenge for the 6-ohda model? Experimental Neurology, 225(2), 294-301.
Abstract: It has been recently shown that the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr) of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-lesioned rats, under urethane anaesthesia, manifests a prominent low frequency oscillation (LFO) of around 1 Hz, synchronized with cortical slow wave activity (SWA). Nevertheless, it is poorly understood whether these electrophysiological alterations are correlated only with severe dopamine depletion or may also play a relevant pathogenetic role in the early stages of the dopamine denervation. Hence, here we recorded SNr single units and electrocorticogram (ECoG) in two models of dopamine denervation: (i) acute dopamine denervated rats, obtained by injection of tetrodotoxin (TTX), (ii) chronic dopamine depleted rats, 2 weeks after 6-OHDA lesioning. Both TTX and 6-OHDA were infused into the medial forebrain bundle (MFB). The acute TTX-mediated dopamine depletion caused a fast developing occurrence of a SNr/ECoG coherence, peaking between 0.48 and 1.22 Hz, parallel with a consistent decrease of firing rate (from 22.61 ± 7.04 to 15.35 ± 9.04 Hz) homolateraly to the infusion. Strikingly, this abnormal 1 Hz synchronization, TTX-mediated was qualitatively similar to the ECoG/SNr synchronization detectable in the 6-OHDA lesioned hemisphere (LH). In addition, TTX infusion in the un-lesioned hemispheres (UH) of 6-OHDA treated rats, produced ECoG/SNr synchronization qualitatively similar to that recordable in the LH. Hence, our data support the proposition that LFO, is tightly correlated to cortex, and represent a critical hallmark of a basal ganglia (BG) failure from the early stages of dopamine denervation.
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