Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/22771
Title: Effects of acute and repeated administration of amisulpride, a dopamine D2/D3 receptor antagonist, on the electrical activity of midbrain dopaminergic neurons
Authors: Di Giovanni, Giuseppe
Mascio, Michele di
Matteo, Vincenzo di
Esposito, Ennio
Keywords: Dopamine
Receptors, Dopamine
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Citation: Di Giovanni, G., Di Mascio, M., De Matteo, V., & Esposito, E. (1998). Effects of acute and repeated administration of amisulpride, a dopamine D2/D3 receptor antagonist, on the electrical activity of midbrain dopaminergic neurons. The Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 287(1), 51-57.
Abstract: Electrophysiological techniques were used to study the effects of amisulpride, a D2/D3 dopamine receptor blocker, on the activity of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA). Administration of single bolus doses of amisulpride (8–32 mg/kg i.v.) induced a dose-dependent increase in the basal activity of dopaminergic neurons, in both the SNc and the VTA. The effect of amisulpride was more evident in the VTA, where it elicited a maximal excitation of 38.5 ± 12%, whereas in the SNc it caused a peak excitation of only 22.1 ± 9.8%. Amisulpride also increased the bursting activity of dopaminergic neurons in the VTA but not in the SNc. Microiontophoretic application of amisulpride (10–40 nA) into the SNc and the VTA caused an increase in the basal firing rate of the majority of dopaminergic neurons sampled. The excitation induced by 40 nA amisulpride was more marked in the VTA (36.1 ± 21%) than in the SNc (25.0 ± 18%). Moreover, microiontophoretic amisulpride (40 nA) increased the bursting activity of dopaminergic neurons in the VTA only. Repeated administration of amisulpride (20 and 50 mg/kg i.p.) for 21 consecutive days produced a significant decrease in the number of spontaneously active dopaminergic neurons in the VTA but not in the SNc. Repeated admistration of haloperidol (0.5 mg/kg i.p.) decreased the number of dopaminergic cells both in the SNc and the VTA. The effect of repeated admistration of amisulpride on the activity of VTA dopaminergic neurons was reversed by apomorphine, suggesting that these neurons were probably under a state of depolarization block. Taken together, these data confirm previous findings indicating that low doses of amisulpride referentially increase dopaminergic transmission in the mesolimbic system. Moreover, results obtained from long-term experiments are consistent with clinical data indicating that amisulpride given at high doses is an effective antipsychotic agent, associated with a low incidence of extrapyramidal side effects.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar//handle/123456789/22771
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SPB

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