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Title: Oligodendrocyte pathophysiology and treatment strategies in cerebral ischemia
Authors: Mifsud, Gabriella
Zammit, Christian
Muscat, Richard
Di Giovanni, Giuseppe
Valentino, Mario
Keywords: Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain
Oxidative stress
White matter
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Citation: Mifsud, G., Zammit, C., Muscat, R., Di Giovanni, G., & Valentino, M. (2014). Oligodendrocyte pathophysiology and treatment strategies in cerebral ischemia. CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics 20(7), 603-12.
Abstract: Oligodendrocytes (OLs), the myelin-forming cells of the central nervous system, form a functional unit with axons and play a crucial role in axonal integrity. An episode of hypoxia–ischemia causes rapid and severe damage to these particularly vulnerable cells via multiple pathways such as overactivation of glutamate and ATP receptors, oxidative stress, and disruption of mitochondrial function. The cardinal effect of OL pathology is demyelination and dysmyelination, and this has profound effects on axonal function, transport, structure, metabolism, and survival. The OL is a primary target of ischemia in adult-onset stroke and especially in periventricular leukomalacia and should be considered as a primary therapeutic target in these conditions. More emphasis is needed on therapeutic strategies that target OLs, myelin, and their receptors, as these have the potential to significantly attenuate white matter injury and to establish functional recovery of white matter after stroke. In this review, we will summarize recent progress on the role of OLs in white matter ischemic injury and the current and emerging principles that form the basis for protective strategies against OL death.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SPB

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