Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/23580
Title: The FAAH inhibitor URB597 suppresses hippocampal maximal dentate afterdischarges and restores seizure-induced impairment of short and long-term synaptic plasticity
Authors: Colangeli, Roberto
Pierucci, Massimo
Benigno, Arcangelo
Campiani, Giuseppe
Butini, Sefania
Di Giovanni, Giuseppe
Keywords: Epilepsy
Hippocampus (Brain)
Inhibition
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Colangeli, R., Pierucci, M., Benigno, A., Campiani, G., Butini, S., & Di Giovanni, G. (2017). The FAAH inhibitor URB597 suppresses hippocampal maximal dentate afterdischarges and restores seizure-induced impairment of short and long-term synaptic plasticity. Scientific Reports, 1, 11152.
Abstract: Synthetic cannabinoids and phytocannabinoids have been shown to suppress seizures both in humans and experimental models of epilepsy. However, they generally have a detrimental effect on memory and memory-related processes. Here we compared the effect of the inhibition of the endocannabinoid (eCB) degradation versus synthetic CB agonist on limbic seizures induced by maximal dentate activation (MDA) acute kindling. Moreover, we investigated the dentate gyrus (DG) granule cell reactivity and synaptic plasticity in naïve and in MDA-kindled anaesthetised rats. We found that both the fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) inhibitor URB597 and the synthetic cannabinoid agonist WIN55,212-2 displayed AM251-sensitive anti-seizure effects. WIN55,212-2, dose-dependently (0.5–2 mg/kg, i.p.) impaired short-term plasticity (STP) and long-term potentiation (LTP) at perforant path-DG synapses in naïve rats. Strikingly, URB597 (1 mg/kg, i.p.) was devoid of any deleterious effects in normal conditions, while it prevented seizure-induced alterations of both STP and LTP. Our evidence indicates that boosting the eCB tone rather than general CB1 activation might represent a potential strategy for the development of a new class of drugs for treatment of both seizures and comorbid memory impairments associated with epilepsy.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar//handle/123456789/23580
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SPB

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