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Title: On Byron’s relationship with the authorities in Italy
Authors: Cassola, Arnold
Keywords: Byron, George, 1788-1824.
Italy -- Description and travel
Issue Date: 1979
Publisher: Europeditor
Citation: Cassola, A. (1979). On Byron’s relationship with the authorities in Italy. Neeuropa, 8(27-28), 30-32.
Abstract: The romantic aspect of Lord Byron's character can be witnessed not only in his poetic works but also in his way of life. He can certainly be described as the "romantic" figure par "excellence", with an intense amorous activity on one side, and an immense urge for freedom, coupled with an innate sense of rebellion against oppression, on the other. Truly, the personification of the ideal "Sturm und Orang". His visit to Italy contributed to the forging of this exceptional personality. In the second decade of the nineteenth century the Italians were passing through a period of great malcontent, dominated as they were, by foreign powers in general, and by the Austrian empire in particular. It was thus that an organised active resistance against these authoritative governments began to emerge, the main exponents being the Liberal Society of Free Masons (Massoneria), and the patriotic organisation known as "Carboneria". Byron, himself a strong free mason, found no difficulty in adhering to the ideals of liberty of the Italian patriots, and in Venice, his first place of residence in Italy,he became a very close friend of the Gamba family, one of the acknowledged leaders of the Italian masonic society. This friendship, further cemented by Byron's sentimental relationship with Teresa Gamba, wife of Count Guiccioli, proved to be a very solid one, as can be witnessed by Byron's peregrinations throughout the peninsula, peregrinations dictated by contingent matters rather than by a foreigner's desire to see what the country, with its unique heritage, could offer.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacArtMal

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