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dc.contributor.authorGrech, Victor E.-
dc.identifier.citationGrech, V. E. (2015). The Great Recession of 2007 in the United States and the male : female ratio at birth. Journal of the Turkish German Gynecological Association, 16(2), 70-73.en_GB
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: Male live births slightly exceed female live births by approximately 3%. The ratio of male to total live births is conventionally represented as M/F. Many factors have been shown to affect M/F, mainly privation, toxins, and stress, all of which reduce M/F. Population stress may be engendered by natural phenomena such as earthquakes and man-made events such as short wars, terrorist attacks, and contracting economies. This study was conducted to ascertain whether the onset of the "Great Recession" (2007) was associated with changes in M/F in the United States (US). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Annual monthly live births by gender for January 2006 to December 2008 were obtained from United States Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. RESULTS: In 2007, there were 4316233 live births [M/F: 0.51157; 95% confidence intervals: 0.51110-0.51205). M/F rose between January and June, and then fell sharply between August and December. M/F was statistically significantly lower in the second half of 2007 (p=0.007). The dip in M/F from June to July was also significant (p=0.02). These findings were not replicated in the amalgamated data for 2006 and 2008. CONCLUSION: The United States housing boom of the mid-2000s was fueled by rising house prices and cheap mortgages given to credit-poor buyers. A halt in rising house prices resulted in defaults and foreclosures, triggering the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression. The associated stress appears to have decreased M/F in the US.en_GB
dc.publisherTurkish-German Gynecological Education and Research Foundationen_GB
dc.subjectGlobal Financial Crisis, 2008-2009en_GB
dc.subjectSex ratio -- United Statesen_GB
dc.subjectChildbirth -- Statistics -- United Statesen_GB
dc.titleThe Great Recession of 2007 in the United States and the male : female ratio at birthen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titleJournal of the Turkish German Gynecological Associationen_GB
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