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dc.contributor.authorRomeo, Teresa
dc.contributor.authorAlessandro, Michela D.
dc.contributor.authorEsposito, Valentina
dc.contributor.authorScotti, Gianfranco
dc.contributor.authorBerto, Daniela
dc.contributor.authorFormalewicz, Malgorzata
dc.contributor.authorNoventa, Seta
dc.contributor.authorGiuliani, Silvia
dc.contributor.authorMacchia, Simona
dc.contributor.authorSartori, Davide
dc.contributor.authorMazzola, Angelo
dc.contributor.authorAndaloro, Franco
dc.contributor.authorGiacobbe, Salvatore
dc.contributor.authorDeidun, Alan
dc.contributor.authorRenzi, Monia
dc.identifier.citationRomeo, T., D’Alessandro, M., Esposito, V., Scotti, G., Berto, D., Formalewicz, M., ... & Mazzola, A. (2015). Environmental quality assessment of Grand Harbour (Valletta, Maltese Islands): a case study of a busy harbour in the Central Mediterranean Sea. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(12), 1-21.en_GB
dc.description.abstractContamination levels by plastic debris, trace elements and persistent organic pollutants were assessed and related to macrobenthic diversity within soft bottoms of Grand Harbour (Malta, Central Mediterranean). Sediment toxicity was evaluated by ecotoxicological method, deploying Bacteria (Vibrio fischeri), Echinodermata (Paracentrotus lividus) and Crustacea (Corophium orientale). Univariate analysis (Pearson’s test) was used to test relationships between biodiversity indices, pollutants and grain size. A multivariate approach (PERMANOVA) was applied to investigate for any significant differences among sampling stations concerning plastic abundances and to test the relationship between infaunal abundances and pollutant concentrations (the BIOENV test). Significant differences in the plastic abundances were found between sampling stations. The lowest value for Shannon-Wiener biodiversity index was associated to the highest sediment pollution level. Multivariate analyses suggest that MBT and TBT were factors that most influenced macrozoobenthic abundance and biodiversity. The bivalve Corbula gibba and the introduced polychaete Monticellina dorsobranchialis were the most abundant found species.en_GB
dc.publisherSpringer Netherlandsen_GB
dc.subjectMicroplastics -- Analysisen_GB
dc.subjectIntroduced organisms -- Malta -- Vallettaen_GB
dc.subjectNature -- Effect of human beings on -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectMultivariate analysis -- Researchen_GB
dc.subjectGrand Harbour (Valletta, Malta)en_GB
dc.titleEnvironmental quality assessment of Grand Harbour (Valletta, Maltese Islands) : a case study of a busy harbour in the Central Mediterranean Seaen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holderen_GB
dc.publication.titleEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessmenten_GB
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