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Title: Fractal statistics of the storegga slide
Other Titles: Submarine mass movements and their consequences
Authors: Micallef, Aaron
Berndt, Christian
Masson, Douglas G.
Stow, Dorrik A.V.
Keywords: Glaciology
Sediments (Geology) -- Analysis
Submarines (Ships) -- Models
Aggregates (Building materials)
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Citation: Micallef, A., Berndt, C., Masson, D. G., & Stow, D. A. (2007). Fractal statistics of the storegga slide. In V. Lykousis, D. Sakellariou, & J. Locat (Eds.), Submarine mass movements and their consequences (pp. 3-10). Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Abstract: The statistics of submarine mass movement inventories are poorly characterised in comparison to those of subaerial mass movements. In this study we investigate the aggregate behaviour of the Storegga Slide by carrying out a statistical analysis of its constituent mass movements. By using area as a proxy for mass movement magnitude, we demonstrate that the non-cumulative frequency-magnitude distribution of mass movements within the Storegga Slide is a power law with an exponent of 1.52. The Storegga Slide has the characteristics of a dissipative system in a critical state, where the input of sediment is continuous in the form of hemipelagic sedimentation and glacial deposition, and the output is represented by mass movements that are spatially scale invariant. We conclude that the Storegga Slide may be modelled as a large-scale geomorphic system that exhibits self-organised critical (SOC) behaviour. In comparison to subaerial mass movements, the aggregate behaviour of submarine mass movements is more comparable to that of the theoretical 'sandpile' model. The origin of SOC may be linked to the retrogressive nature of the Storegga Slide. Since SOC is an emergent feature, the large-scale behaviour of the Storegga Slide should be autonomous of the smaller-scale elements. A power law distribution also implies that incomplete submarine mass movement inventories may be extrapolated within the limits of power law behaviour, which is important in terms of hazard management.
ISBN: 9781402065118
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacSciGeo

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