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dc.contributor.authorThornton, Ian M.-
dc.contributor.authorHayes, Amy E.-
dc.identifier.citationThornton, I. M., & Hayes, A. E. (2004). Anticipating action in complex scenes. Visual Cognition, 11(2-3), 341-370.en_GB
dc.description.abstractIn four experiments we explored the accuracy of memory for human action using displays with continuous motion. In Experiment 1, a desktop virtual environment was used to visually simulate ego‐motion in depth, as would be experienced by a passenger in a car. Using a task very similar to that employed in typical studies of representational momentum we probed the accuracy of memory for an instantaneous point in space/time, finding a consistent bias for future locations. In Experiment 2, we used the same virtual environment to introduce a new “interruption” paradigm in which the sensitivity to displacements during a continuous event could be assessed. Thresholds for detecting displacements in ego‐position in the direction of motion were significantly higher than those opposite the direction of motion. In Experiments 3 and 4 we extended previous work that has shown anticipation effects for frozen action photographs or isolated human figures by presenting observers with short video sequences of complex crowd scenes. In both experiments, memory for the stopping position of the video was shifted forward, consistent with representational momentum. Interestingly, when the video sequences were played in reverse, the magnitude of this forward bias was larger. Taken together, the results of all four experiments suggest that even when presented with complex, continuous motion, the visual system may sometimes try to anticipate the outcome of our own and others' actions.en_GB
dc.subjectShort-term memoryen_GB
dc.subjectMomentum (Mechanics)en_GB
dc.titleAnticipating action in complex scenesen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titleVisual Cognitionen_GB
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