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Title: Critical thinking through a reflexive platform
Authors: Montebello, Matthew
Cope, Bill
Kalantzis, Mary
Keywords: Distance education
Virtual reality in education
Critical thinking
Creative thinking
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Citation: Montebello, M., Cope, W., Kalantzis, M., Searsmith, D.,... Haniya, S. (2018). Critical thinking through a reflexive platform. 7th IEEE International Conference on Information Technology Based Higher Education and Training, ITHET 2018, Olhao, Algarve, Portugal. (in print).
Abstract: Massive numbers of online learners have opted to enrol in a MOOC platforms such as Coursera, EdX and Udacity, where a plethora of topical courses are offered. However, a limitation of all those platforms is that they cannot effectively support teaching higher order thinking, such as critical thinking, due to logistical issues in assessing such skills. This paper discusses a pedagogically designed online system that employs a set of purposely devised techniques based on a reflexive ideology, whereby complex reasoning skills such as critical and creative thinking form part of the process. Additionally, peer- and self-reviewing together with feedback upon feedback enables scalable assessment of complex critical thinking assignments. We investigate the effect of such processes as we analyse assessment data collected from a pilot project in a single online course with just 150 students that made full use of our system, providing over 3.5 million essential data points. A pre- and post- survey also provided additional quantitative and qualitative data as we close the paper with a series of conclusions and recommendations.
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