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|Title:||Estimating the burden and cost of infectious intestinal disease in the Maltese community|
Gilles, Herbert M.
O’Brien, Sarah J.
Ruggeri, Franco Maria
|Keywords:||Intestines -- Diseases -- Malta|
Communicable diseases -- Malta
Epidemiology -- Malta
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press|
|Citation:||Gauci, C., Gilles, H., O'brien, S., Mamo, J., Stabile, I., Ruggeri, F. M., ... & Spiteri, G. (2007). Estimating the burden and cost of infectious intestinal disease in the Maltese community. Epidemiology & Infection, 135(8), 1290-1298.|
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to estimate the burden of infectious intestinal disease (IID) and cost of illness at the community level from a societal aspect. A retrospective, age-stratified cross-sectional telephone study was carried out in Malta in 2004–2005. The number of cases, resources used and cost of resources were computed. The resources involved direct costs (health-care services, stool culture tests, medicines and personal costs) and indirect costs (costs from lost employment by cases and caregivers). This study estimated 0. 421 (95% CI 0. 092–0. 771) separate episodes of IID per person per year in Malta which corresponds to 164 471 (95% CI 35 941–301 205) episodes of IID per year or 450 (95% CI 98–825) episodes of IID each day. The largest proportion of cost is due to provision of health-care services with E10 454 901 [Maltese liri (Lm) 4 558 970] per year; followed by E963 295 (Lm 2 209 393) in lost productivity; E1 286 286 (Lm 561 078) in medicines; E152 335 (Lm 66 452) in stool culture testing and E71 487 (Lm 31 183) in personal costs, giving a total cost of illness of over E16 million (7 million Lm) per year. The burden and cost of IID are high enough to justify efforts to control the illness. Such estimates are important to assess the cost-effectiveness of proposed specific interventions.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scholarly Works - FacM&SAna|
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