Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Diabetes as a coronary risk factor in Malta
Authors: Zammit Maempel, Joseph Walter
Keywords: Diabetes -- Risk factors
Diabetes -- Malta
Coronary heart disease -- Malta
Myocardial infarction -- Malta
Issue Date: 1978-04
Publisher: Israel Medical Association
Citation: Zammit Maempel, J. W. (1978). Diabetes as a coronary risk factor in Malta. Israel Journal of Medical Sciences, 14(4), 418-423.
Abstract: In a retrospective survey of 1,118 admissions for acute ischemic heart disease (AIHD) at St. Luke's Hospital in Malta in 1963-72, there were 945 (84.5%) cases of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and 173 (15.5%) cases of acute coronary insufficiency (ACI). The proportion of patients with diabetes was 30.2% (30.7% in AMI, and 27.7% in ACI; age-corrected rates at greater than or equal to 40 years). This was significantly higher (P less than 0.01) than the corresponding rate of diabetes (20.2%) in the general population of Malta. There was a significantly greater prevalence of diabetes among women than among men with AIHD: the proportion with diabetes was 50.0% among women with AMI and 41.3 among women with ACI. The diabetes was mostly of the maturity-onset type. The high frequency of AIHD among diabetics seemed to be chiefly attributable to the effects of the diabetic state, either directly or indirectly through its association with other risk factors: obesity, physical inactivity, excessive eating and high plasma cholesterol levels. Diastolic hypertension and chronic bronchitis and emphysema associated withe heavy smoking were no more common in diabetics than in nondiabetics with AMI.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - ERCMedGen

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Zammit Maempel_ Diabetes_as_a_coronary_risk_factor_in_Malta.PDF
  Restricted Access
343.56 kBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.