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Title: Developments in the socioeconomic situation of Spain since the “Great Crisis” with a focus on health
Authors: Bosque Perez, Juan Carlos
Keywords: Public health -- Spain
Global Financial Crisis, 2008-2009
Medical economics -- Spain
Medical care, Cost of -- Spain
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: Bosque Pérez, J. C. (2018). Developments in the socioeconomic situation of Spain since the “Great Crisis” with a focus on health (Bachelor's dissertation).
Abstract: The Sistema Nacional de Salud (public health system in Spain) was, before the economic crisis of 2008, an example to developing countries, because it showed a good performance in OECD indicators for life expectancy at birth, infant mortality rate, deaths from cancer, suicide rate and covered more than 90% of the population with medium expenditure per capita. The international financial crisis overlapped a crisis in the growth model in Spain that caused a second financial crisis in 2010, a big increase in unemployment, and a debt crisis during the next year. The scissor crisis, where taxes diminished and the expenditure increased, put the public budget on the brink of collapse in 2011 and 2012. As a consequence, austerity measures were taken. My hypothesis is that these measures, gradually, have worsened the health of the population. This research is based on a cross-sectional analysis of the dataset of the OECD, analyzing the measures of the former indicators in 2006 and the last available data. To check the robustness of my findings I use a time-series analysis of the EUROSTAT data set since 2007 (the year just before the crisis commenced) up to the last disposable data, studying the economic, poverty, health, unemployment and expenditure indicators. My findings do not corroborate my hypothesis, because the indicators of health in the OECD have improved in Spain in absolute terms and in some cases also relatively with respect to the baseline of the OECD. The time-series analysis of EUROSTAT data provide robustness to my cross-sectional analysis because I find strong evidence of a marked socioeconomic degradation especially in unemployment, source of mental health, and several other effects due to the reduction in public expenditure. However, on the other hand, some of the health indicators are among the best in the EU28 and the Eurozone. Some alternative explanations to these facts could be the social structure of Spain, the diminishing number of immigrants and the late modernisation of the country. Future research must provide new links between health and expenditure, links that in this study are not conclusive.
Description: B.EUR.STUD.(HONS)
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - InsEUS - 2018

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