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dc.identifier.citationSciberras, N. (2017). The levels and patterns of physical activity of 14-15 year olds before and after school hours (Bachelor's dissertation).en_GB
dc.description.abstractA previous local study with 10-11 year olds has shown that 39% of boys and 10% of girls meet the daily moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) recommendations. Furthermore, they achieve low MVPA levels before school, even though most primary schools are located in the same village, and after school. Additionally, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), Malta tops the list of obesity prevalence in Europe. However, no study has been done on the physical activity (PA) and obesity prevalence in Maltese adolescents. This research project with a sample of 290 adolescents aged 14-15-year-old examined MVPA and sedentariness, particularly before and after school by gender and weight status. Accelerometry monitored MVPA and sedentariness, and adolescent wore an accelerometer for 5 consecutive days. Students were divided into weight categories using the Body Mass Index (BMI), computed from their height and weight. Transport to school and home, activities before and after school, and sport club attendance were measured using a questionnaire. Results showed that only a quarter of adolescents met the 60 minutes of daily MVPA while 35.5% were overweight or obese. Adolescents in the normal weight category were the least active, while obese adolescents were the most active. Boys met daily MVPA more than girls (39.7% vs. 10.3%) and proved to be more active overall throughout the whole week at all times. Boys were more likely to walk to school and back home, engage in MVPA before school, attend organized sport in clubs and engage in unstructured play after school. Girls were more sedentary during the week and they spent more time studying, watching TV and computer use. On the other hand, boys were highly sedentary during weekends, engaging in the use of game consoles. Obese adolescents were more sedentary and watched more TV during weekends. This shows that while they were more active overall, obese children were more sedentary. New policies are required for an active culture and to make PA become an integral part of the day. Furthermore, initiatives such as "the walking bus", before school, and after school sports programs could increase PA and get adolescents closer to sport club participation. More promotion is necessary to increase PA, maintain a healthy weight status, and combat sedentariness in adolescents.en_GB
dc.subjectObesity in adolescence -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectSedentary behavior in children -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectExercise for youth -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectObesity in adolescence -- Preventionen_GB
dc.subjectHealth behavior in adolescence -- Maltaen_GB
dc.titleThe levels and patterns of physical activity of 14-15 year olds before and after school hoursen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Maltaen_GB
dc.publisher.departmentFaculty of Educationen_GB
dc.contributor.creatorSciberras, Nicholas-
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacEdu - 2017

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