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Title: Transitions in European land-management regimes between 1800 and 2010
Authors: Jepsen, Martin Rudbeck
Kuemmerle, Tobias
Müller, Daniel
Erb, Karlheinz
Verburg, Peter H.
Haberl, Helmut
Vesterager, Jens Peter
Andrič, Maja
Antrop, Marc
Austrheim, Gunnar
Ismo, Björn
Bondeau, Alberte
Bürgi, Matthias
Bryson, Jessica
Caspar, Gilles
Cassar, Louis F.
Conrad, Elisabeth
Chromy, Pavel
Vidmantas, Daugirdas
Van Eetvelde, Veerle
Elena-Rossello, Ramon
Gimmi, Urs
Izakovicova, Zita
Jancak, Vít
Jansson, Ulf
Kladnik, Drago
Kozak, Jacek
Konkoly-Gyuró, Eva
Krausmann, Fridolin
Mander, Ülo
McDonagh, John
Pärn, Jaan
Niedertscheider, Maria
Nikodemus, Olgerts
Ostapowicz, Katarzyna
Pérez-Soba, Marta
Pinto-Correia, Teresa
Ribokas, Gintaras
Rounsevell, Mark
Schistou, Despoina
Schmit, Claude
Terkenli, Theano S.
Tretvik, Aud M.
Trzepacz, Piotr
Vadineanu, Angheluta
Walz, Ariane
Zhllima, Edvin
Reenberg, Anette
Keywords: Land use
Land use -- Social aspects
Land use -- Management
Institutional economics
Technological innovations -- Economic aspects
Land use -- Law and legislation
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Jepsen, M. R., Kuemmerle, T., Müller, D., Erb, K., Verburg, P. H., Haberl, H., . . . Reenberg, A. (2015). Transitions in European land-management regimes between 1800 and 2010. Land use Policy, 49, 53-64.
Abstract: Land use is a cornerstone of human civilization, but also intrinsically linked to many global sustainability challenges—from climate change to food security to the ongoing biodiversity crisis. Understanding the underlying technological, institutional and economic drivers of land-use change, and how they play out in different environmental, socio-economic and cultural contexts, is therefore important for identify-ing effective policies to successfully address these challenges. In this regard, much can be learned from studying long-term land-use change. We examined the evolution of European land management over the past 200 years with the aim of identifying (1) key episodes of changes in land management, and (2) their underlying technological, institutional and economic drivers. To do so, we generated narratives elaborating on the drivers of land use-change at the country level for 28 countries in Europe. We qualita-tively grouped drivers into land-management regimes, and compared changes in management regimes across Europe. Our results allowed discerning seven land-management regimes, and highlighted marked heterogeneity regarding the types of management regimes occurring in a particular country, the timing and prevalence of regimes, and the conditions that result in observed bifurcations. However, we also found strong similarities across countries in the timing of certain land-management regime shifts, often in relation to institutional reforms (e.g., changes in EU agrarian policies or the emergence and collapse of the Soviet land management paradigm) or to technological innovations (e.g., drainage pipes, tillage and harvesting machinery, motorization, and synthetic fertilizers). Land reforms frequently triggered changes in land management, and the location and timing of reforms had substantial impacts on land-use outcomes. Finally, forest protection policies and voluntary cooperatives were important drivers of land-management changes. Overall, our results demonstrate that land-system changes should not be con-ceived as unidirectional developments following predefined trajectories, but rather as path-dependent processes that may be affected by various drivers, including sudden events.
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