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dc.contributor.authorMifsud, Deborah-
dc.contributor.authorAttard, Maria-
dc.contributor.authorIson, Stephen G.-
dc.identifier.citationMifsud, D., Attard, M., & Ison, S. (2017). To drive or to use the bus? An exploratory study of older people in Malta. Journal of Transport Geography, 64, 23-32.en_GB
dc.description.abstractOlder adults are becoming a larger portion of the world's population, and as a result, more attention is being given to their mobility and travel behaviour. Such studies are however lacking in certain contexts like in Malta, an island state in the Mediterranean Sea. Malta is facing a concurrent high population density, high motorisation rate and an ageing population. Nevertheless, older people's mobility is not adequately considered in transport policy. The aim of this paper is to have an exploratory understanding of mode choice in later life in Malta, and understand the key determinants that affect older people's decision to drive or to use the bus. Using descriptive statistics and two regression models, this paper shows how in Malta older males drive significantly more than females, and the latter use more public transport. As age increases, the percentage of drivers declines for both genders. On the other hand, whilst for females public transport use also declined with age, the pattern of usage amongst males fluctuated. The data also showed that public transport was mostly used by non-driving older people who could potentially be captive bus users. The determinants that predicted whether older people drove or not were (i) gender, (ii) age, (iii) their occupation status, and (iv) the presence of an assistive device. The significant predictors for older people's public transport use were (i) the number of cars available in the household, (ii) age, (iii) the district where they lived, (iv) their occupation status, (v) their participation in social activities and (vi) the presence of personal assistance. The two models revealed different predictors for mode choice however there were also several similarities. The paper concludes with a discussion, highlighting the importance and relevance of the results to transport policy-makers. It also provides suggestions for further research to examine older people's mobility and travel behaviour.en_GB
dc.publisherPergamon Pressen_GB
dc.subjectOlder people -- Transportation -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectOlder people -- Services foren_GB
dc.subjectLocal transit accessibility -- Maltaen_GB
dc.titleTo drive or to use the bus? An exploratory study of older people in Maltaen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titleJournal of Transport Geographyen_GB
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