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Title: Valletta shipping (2) : advent of the steam ships
Authors: Wickman, Viktor
Keywords: Shipping -- Malta
Malta -- History -- British occupation, 1800-1964
Merchant mariners -- Malta
Steamboats -- Malta
Marine insurance -- Malta
Merchant ships -- Malta
Issue Date: 1983
Publisher: Gulf Publishing Ltd.
Citation: Wickman, V. (1983). Valletta shipping (2) : advent of the steam ships. Civilization, 6, 141-144.
Abstract: Man spent centuries learning how to move vessels against the strength of the wind and tide. The development of the steamship, from the primitive paddle wheeler to the twin screw steamer took about 80 years. As the 100 foot American owned auxiliary steam driven ship "Savannah" put to sea in 1818, a new era dawned for the merchant fleets of the world. As years steamed on, marine engineers developed better and more reliable steam engines. However coal consumption still remained very high. It took time to convince the conservative shipowners that a vessel with part of the hull all crammed, with heavy and expensive machinery was reliable after all. During the 1840s a good number of steamships were already regular visitors to all the leading ports of the Mediterranean. Malta was already well served with steam connections, particularly by the steam packets operated by British Admiralty as well as the steamships of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. Indeed the ties between Malta and this company, so familiarly known along the Valletta waterfront as "Tal-P&O", fill a whole book.
Appears in Collections:Melitensia Works - ERCSSTC

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