Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorMalone, Caroline-
dc.contributor.authorStoddart, Simon-
dc.contributor.authorCook, Gordon-
dc.contributor.authorHigham, Thomas-
dc.contributor.authorReimer, Paula-
dc.identifier.citationMalone, C., Stoddart, S., Cook, G., Higham, T., & Reimer, P. (2009). Dating Maltese prehistory. In C. Malone, S. Stoddart, A. Bonanno, D. Trump, T. Gouder & A. Pace (Eds.), Mortuary customs in prehistoric Malta: excavations at the Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra (1987-94) (pp. 341-346). Cambridge: McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research.en_GB
dc.description.abstractAbsolute dating of the deposits at the Circle was considered a priority from the outset of the research, and sampling of the excavated deposits focused on retrieval of suitable material throughout the seven seasons of work. Only thirteen prehistoric-Temple and Tarxien Cemetery phase radiocarbon dates existed for Malta before the present work was undertaken. However, these earlier dates were instrumental in enabling the development of the 'Wessex without Mycenae' debate (Renfrew 1973), which recognized the independent and remarkably early development of island cultures such as Malta in the late Neolithic. Given the importance of the chronological sequence, it is unfortunate that no work between 1963 and the present research project, from 1987, undertook any sampling or dating. This is particularly important with respect to the thinly dated main Temple Period itself. However, this lack of dating was not confined to Malta, and many studies of Mediterranean areas similarly failed to address the collection of samples for radiocarbon dating (Skeates & Whitehouse 1994). It should be noted that the earlier dates collected by David Trump were all based on carbonized materials (the recommended material for sampling in the 1960s), with the only really reliable samples coming from the cinerary urns and their contents from Tarxien. The remaining radiocarbon ages are from carbonized fragments associated with deposits within layers and floors from sites. They provide an indication of date, but in many cases, the charcoals could have been residual within the soils of the sites, and clearly, in one or two cases, they must have been (e.g. BM-142).en_GB
dc.publisherMcDonald Institute for Archaeological Researchen_GB
dc.subjectExcavations (Archaeology) -- Malta -- Xaghraen_GB
dc.subjectTombs -- Malta -- Xaghraen_GB
dc.subjectBurial -- Malta -- Xaghra -- Historyen_GB
dc.subjectPrehistoric peoples -- Malta -- Xaghraen_GB
dc.subjectFuneral rites and ceremonies -- Malta -- Historyen_GB
dc.subjectTarxien Temples (Tarxien, Malta)en_GB
dc.subjectGgantija Temples (Xaghra, Malta)en_GB
dc.titleDating Maltese prehistoryen_GB
dc.title.alternativeMortuary customs in prehistoric Malta : excavations at the Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra (1987-94)en_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holderen_GB
Appears in Collections:Mortuary customs in prehistoric Malta: excavations at the Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra (1987-94)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
  Restricted Access
180.13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.