Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.identifier.citationGalea C. (2012). Immobilisation and distraction techniques in paediatric radiography (Bachelor's dissertation).en_GB
dc.description.abstractPurpose: The area of study looks into immobilisation and distraction techniques and devices that may be used when imaging paediatrics between the ages of zero to five years. Research Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the use and perceptions of immobilisation and /or distraction techniques and devices when imaging paediatrics between the ages of zero to five years. The study was also aimed at exploring whether local radiographers are trained and/or educated in immobilisation and distraction techniques when imaging paediatrics. Methodology: The research study adopted a non-experimental descriptive cross-sectional survey design. The self-designed questionnaire was formulated containing mainly close ended questions with a few open-ended questions. The use of close-ended questions enabled the respondents to give factual answers while open-ended questions allowed the participants to express any personal opinions. The questionnaires were distributed to 96 radiographers who worked in areas where paediatric imaging is commonly performed. Results: Forty-six questionnaires were completed and returned giving a response rate of 48%. The data showed that there was some confusion when defining the terms immobilisation, distraction and restraint. Carrying immobilisation and distraction using appropriate devices were effective and generally easy to use; however, immobilisation and distraction devices were not readily available in most of the units within the department. It was noted that the most common immobilisation technique was to ask the parents to 'immobilise' their own child. The second most common immobilisation technique used was by using foam pads whilst the third was by using sandbags. For distraction, the majority of participants used light as a distraction device for new-horns and infants, whilst toys were used for toddlers and pre-school. The majority of the participants, 73%, agreed that distraction was not covered in the undergraduate course and that immobilisation and distraction was learnt mainly by observing qualified radiographers. Training regarding paediatric imaging was also never provided by the imaging department of the general state hospital in Malta and the majority (96%) agreed that further guidance and support should be provided by the imaging department. Furthermore, 85% prefer that there would be a specific set of guidelines to follow when imaging paediatrics between the ages of 0-5 years. Conclusion: The study concluded that the participants acknowledge that immobilisation and distraction techniques and devices are of utmost importance when imaging paediatrics. However, immobilisation and distraction devices should be available in all working areas. It was recommended that hands on training and CPD lectures regarding protocols, use of equipment, and paediatric positioning should be provided by the imaging department. Rooms should also be more adequate for paediatric imaging.en_GB
dc.subjectRadiography, Medicalen_GB
dc.subjectDistraction (Psychology)en_GB
dc.subjectDiagnostic imagingen_GB
dc.subjectRadiation workers -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectDiagnostic imaging -- Equipment and suppliesen_GB
dc.titleImmobilisation and distraction techniques in paediatric radiography.en_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holderen_GB
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Maltaen_GB
dc.publisher.departmentFaculty of Health Sciences. Department of Radiographyen_GB
dc.contributor.supervisorPortelli, Jonathan-
dc.contributor.creatorGalea, Cheryl-
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacHScRad - 2012

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Galea_Cheryl_Immobilisation and Distraction Techniques in Paediatric Radiography..PDF
  Restricted Access
7.81 MBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.