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dc.contributor.authorBorg Farrugia, Christine-
dc.identifier.citationBorg Farrugia, C. (2020). The Oedipus and Electra Complex in Italian literature of the late 19th century. Symposia Melitensia, 16, 63-70.en_GB
dc.description.abstractAs Ellen Key outlined in 1900, the 20th century centred on the child and literary theory started analysing texts from a Freudian and Jungian perspective. Italian narrative texts from various authors of the late 19th century assert the Oedipus complex theory where the child’s obsession with the mother deems the father a rival insofar as he exemplifies castration. Authors such as Luigi Capuana, Edmondo De Amicis and Carlo Dossi express this fear of losing the mother in autobiographical works which denote their seduction by the preferred parent. Certain literary characters such as Pinocchio or Rosso Malpelo lack this sense of security the mother provides; hence, they survive by substituting the biological mother with the fairy godmother or, as in Malpelo’s case, by exalting the father figure with whom he identifies. The Electra complex, the girl’s psychosexual competition with her mother for possession of the father, is prominent in Sibilla Aleramo’s confession of her childhood obsession for the father. This psychoanalytical approach developed later in the 20th century because, as Luce Irigaray states, the daughter has always occupied a marginal role in society. Sometimes the mother manifests ambiguous behaviour (Gli spostati and Tortura) given that she no longer feels obliged by nature to love her offspring. As a popular saying goes, “the hand that rocks the cradle rules the world” and these literary works epitomise the sheer significance of the parent-figure with respect to the child’s psychological and social well-being.en_GB
dc.publisherUniversity of Malta. Junior Collegeen_GB
dc.subjectOedipus complex in literatureen_GB
dc.subjectElectra complexen_GB
dc.subjectItalian literature -- 19th century -- History and criticismen_GB
dc.subjectPsychoanalysis in literatureen_GB
dc.titleThe Oedipus and Electra Complex in Italian literature of the late 19th centuryen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titleSymposia Melitensiaen_GB
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - JCIta
SymMel, 2019, Volume 16
SymMel, 2020, Volume 16

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