Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/58673
Title: The skin, carotid and intervertebral disc : making the connection!
Authors: Brincat, Mark P.
Calleja-Agius, Jean
Muscat Baron, Yves
Keywords: Carotid artery -- Diseases
Intervertebral disk
Collagen
Connective tissue cells
Menopause
Estrogen
Skin
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Citation: Brincat, M. P., Callejla-Agius, J., & Muscat Baron, Y. (2007). The skin, carotid and intervertebral disc : making the connection! Climacteric, 10(suppl 2), 83-87.
Abstract: A fairly consistent finding in work on the menopause and hormone replacement therapy is the positive effect of estrogen on connective tissue and its turnover. The menopause has been shown repeatedly to have a negative effect on the connective tissue in the dermis of the skin. Such an effect is prevented and in some cases reversed with estrogen therapy. This is similar to what happens in bone matrix. Similarly, the media in the carotid has been shown to undergo the same change with the menopause and with estrogen therapy as the dermis. The carotid artery media is increased in menopausal women on estrogen therapy and is thinner in untreated women. Recently, new information has revealed that the menopause, i.e. estrogen deprivation, has similar effects on the connective tissue of intervertebral discs. In aged intervertebral discs, the predominant collagen is type III, not type I, which is the predominant collagen in skin and bone, although skin has additional type III. These negative changes are once again prevented or reversed with estrogen therapy. This effect probably also extends to the extracellular non-collagenous matrix in all these systems, i.e. skin, carotid and intervertebral discs. The common thread is that estrogen has profound effects on connective tissue turnover, no matter the site. This has far-reaching implications not only in maintaining the structure and aesthetic appearance of tissue, but also the strength and stiffness of various tissues and the functioning of neighboring and surrounding organs.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/58673
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SAna

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