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Title: Anticancer effects of an extract from a local planarian species on human acute myeloid leukemia HL-60 cells in vitro
Authors: Suleiman, Sherif
Di Fiore, Riccardo
Cassar, Analisse
Formosa, Melissa Marie
Calleja-Agius, Jean
Schembri-Wismayer, Pierre
Keywords: Turbellaria
Cell proliferation
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier Masson
Citation: Suleiman, S., Di Fiore, R., Cassar, A., Formosa, M. M., Calleja-Agius, J., & Schembri-Wismayer, P. (2020). Anticancer effects of an extract from a local planarian species on human acute myeloid leukemia HL-60 cells in vitro. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, 130, 110549.
Abstract: Current anti-cancer drugs can cause many undesirable side effects to patients. Thus, there is a constant need to develop alternative therapeutic drugs. Bioactive compounds derived from natural products including animals, plants and microorganisms are being actively studied as sources for anticancer treatments. Freshwater planarians are important models for stem cell research and regeneration. However, to date, no studies on the biological activities of planaria extracts on cancer have been published. The aim of this study was to examine the potential antitumoral activity of the extract from planaria species-Malta (PSM) on human acute myeloid leukemia (AML) HL-60 cells. Antiproliferative activity was studied in terms of proliferation, apoptosis and differentiation. The expression of genes involved in the regulation of these important cellular processes was also analyzed using real-time PCR. PSM extract exhibited a selective cytotoxic effect on HL-60 cells when compared to normal lymphocytes. Furthermore, cell cycle analysis and Annexin V/PI assay showed that the extract induced apoptosis in HL-60 cells. The PSM extract induced myeloid differentiation with HL-60 cells showing a decreased nucleo/cytoplasmic ratio, an increase in nitroblue tetrazolium-positive cells, and CD11b- and CD14-positive cells. Finally, we also found that the PSM extract increased the expression of CEBPA, CEBPB, CEBPE, SPI1, BAX, CDKN1A and CDKN2C; whereas it reduced the expression of c-MYC and BCL2. This is the first study to reveal the antiproliferative, cytotoxic, and differentiation potential of PSM on HL-60 cells and suggests that it may have considerable potential for development as a novel natural product-based anticancer agent against AML.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SAna

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