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dc.contributor.authorGrech, Joseph-
dc.contributor.authorSammut, Roberta-
dc.contributor.authorBuontempo, Mariella B.-
dc.contributor.authorVassallo, Pauline-
dc.contributor.authorCalleja, Neville-
dc.identifier.citationGrech , J., Sammut, R., Bountempo, M. B., Vassallo, P., & Calleja, N. (2020). Brief tobacco cessation interventions : practices, opinions, and attitudes of healthcare professionals. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 6(August), 48.en_GB
dc.description.abstractINTRODUCTION: Although brief smoking cessation interventions that follow the 5As algorithm (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange) can trigger smokers to quit, routine delivery remains low in Europe. This study aimed to identify the extent of smoking cessation practices of healthcare professionals interested in tobacco cessation, and their opinions and attitudes. METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey design was adopted. Healthcare professionals (n=133) who attended one of ten training sessions on brief interventions for smoking cessation, held every month between September 2018 and June 2019 in Malta, were recruited. Univariate logistic regression and non-parametric tests were carried out to identify associations by participants’ characteristics. Potential confounders were ruled out following multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Most participants were female nurses who had never smoked. While most professionals reportedly asked (76.3%), advised (83.5%) and assessed (70.5%) patients for cessation, fewer provided assistance (40.9%) and arranged followup (24.2%). Compared to other participants, doctors were more likely to have counselled patients over the previous week. Most professionals were favourably disposed towards counselling patients to quit, however, they claimed they had insufficient time to do so. Although most found it difficult to get clients to quit, former smokers were more likely to disagree when compared to those who never smoked (OR=6.86; 95% CI: 2.17–21.71; p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: While more initiatives to train healthcare professionals in providing smoking cessation interventions are recommended, lack of sufficient time, being an organisational barrier, requires healthcare management exploration and action. Given that former smokers were more confident in helping patients quit, engaging them in training activities would be of added value.en_GB
dc.publisherEU European Publishingen_GB
dc.subjectTobacco industryen_GB
dc.subjectSmoking cessationen_GB
dc.subjectNicotine addiction -- Treatmenten_GB
dc.subjectTobacco use -- Preventionen_GB
dc.titleBrief tobacco cessation interventions : practices, opinions, and attitudes of healthcare professionalsen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titleTobacco Prevention & Cessationen_GB
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