Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/6289
Title: Inflammatory Cytokines in maternal circulation and placenta of chromosomally abnormal first trimester miscarriages
Authors: Calleja-Agius, Jean
Jauniaux, Eric
Muttukrishna, Shanthi
Keywords: Pregnancy -- Complications
Human embryo -- Abnormalities
Cytokines -- Pathophysiology
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Citation: Clinical and Developmental Immunology. 2012, p.1-7.
Abstract: The impact of abnormal placental karyotype on the inflammatory response within the Villous tissue and peripheral circulation of women with miscarriage was evaluated. Villous (n = 38) and venous blood samples (n = 26) were obtained from women with missed miscarriage. Tissue chromosome analysis indicated 23 abnormal and 15 normal karyotypes. Concentration of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), TNF-R1 and TNF-R2, and interleukin (IL)-10 were measured using flowcytometric bead array in fresh villous homogenate, cultured villous extracts, culture medium, maternal whole blood, and plasma. Plasma TNFα/IL- 10 ratios were significantly (P < 0.05) lower in miscarriages with abnormal karyotype. In the abnormal karyotype group, there were significantly higher levels of TNFα (P < 0.01), IL-10 (P < 0.01), TNF-R1 (P < 0.001), and TNF-R2 (P < 0.001) in the villous extracts and culture-conditioned medium compared to normal karyotype group. In miscarriage with abnormal karyotype, there is an exacerbated placental inflammatory response, in contrast to miscarriage of normal karyotype where maternal systemic response is increased.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar//handle/123456789/6289
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SAna



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