Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/6345
Title: Pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in threatened miscarriages
Authors: Calleja-Agius, Jean
Muttukrishna, Shanthi
Pizzey, Arnold R.
Jauniaux, Eric
Keywords: Cytokines -- Pathophysiology
Pregnancy -- Complications
Tumor necrosis factor
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2011, Vol.205, p. 83.e8–83.e16
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate circulating and intracellular levels of Th1 and Th2 cytokines in women with threatenedmiscarriage (TM) and subsequent outcome. STUDY DESIGN: Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-receptors 1 and 2, TNF , interferon gamma (IFN ), and interleukins (IL) -6 and -10 were measured by flow cytometric bead assays in 80 women with TM: 53 women with normal outcome and 27 women who miscarried. Fluorescent antibody labeling was also performed on whole blood in a subgroup of 27 women of TM: 16 women with normal outcome and 11 women who miscarried. RESULTS: Monocyte expression of TNF and circulating levels of TNF , IFN , IL-10, IL-6, and TNF-R1 were significantly lower, whereas circulating levels of TNF /IL-10, IFN /IL-10, and TNF /IL-6 ratios were significantly higher, in women with TM who subsequently miscarried, compared with the women with normal outcome. CONCLUSION: An increased Th1 type of immune response, which was similar to that observed in preterm delivery, was found in TM cases that were complicated by a subsequent miscarriage.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar//handle/123456789/6345
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SAna

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