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dc.contributor.authorSammut, Roberta-
dc.contributor.authorCamilleri, Sylvia-
dc.contributor.authorTrapani, Josef-
dc.identifier.citationSammut, R., Camilleri, S., & Trapani, J. (2019). The knowledge and attitudes of persons who participate and do not participate in colorectal cancer screening: a comparative survey. Applied Nursing Research, 49, 29-34.en_GB
dc.description.abstractBackground: Colon cancer accounts for 10% of cancer cases worldwide. Screening improves survival, making participation in screening programmes important. Better understanding of why some individuals do not get screened is, therefore, needed. Aim: The aim was to compare the knowledge and attitudes of adults who participated and did not participate in a colorectal cancer screening programme. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional survey design was used. A random sample of four hundred individuals was selected from the National Screening database, Malta. Two hundred had undergone colorectal cancer screening and two hundred had not. A questionnaire measuring the constructs in the Health Belief Model was distributed. The Chi-squared test and the Mann Whitney U Test were used to analyse data. Results: An overall response rate of 61% (n=245) was achieved. Those who had not undergone screening identified significantly more barriers to participate (U= 33180.00, p= .004). In terms of the Health Belief Model, the results reflected high perceived barriers to action and low perceived susceptibility to colorectal cancer amongst those who did not undergo screening. Conclusions: Colorectal neoplasm screening programmes should emphasize that identifying precursor lesions is positive and that lack of symptoms does not mean that these are not present.en_GB
dc.subjectColon (Anatomy) -- Canceren_GB
dc.subjectMedical screeningen_GB
dc.titleThe knowledge and attitudes of persons who participate and do not participate in a colorectal cancer screening programme : a comparative surveyen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titleApplied Nursing Researchen_GB
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