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Title: Institutions and recent instruments in place to combat cross-border crime within the EU
Authors: Rizzo, Elaine (2007)
Keywords: Border security -- Law and legislation
Criminal law
Crime -- Prevention -- European Union countries
Issue Date: 2007
Citation: Rizzo, E. (2007). Institutions and recent instruments in place to combat cross-border crime within the EU (Master's dissertation).
Abstract: The effective fight against the globalization of crime calls for police and judicial cooperation amongst the various States involved. This is more so within the EU, considering that it has adopted legal instruments that have removed frontier-checks over national borders. To optimize its resources in the fight against crime, the EU established a number of agencies and instruments to facilitate and enhance police and judicial cooperation amongst its member states. The central purpose of this thesis is to provide a critical analysis of the above-mentioned agencies and instruments. This study will commence with an analysis of Europe's Area of Freedom, Security and Justice by virtue of which Europe is seeking to develop the its territory as a secure area protected from crime where citizens can freely enjoy their right and have equal access to justice irrespective of where they are within Europe. Chapter 1 will than provide a review of those agencies established to facilitate police cooperation among the various member states. In this chapter a special emphasis is placed upon Europol which is the leading agency in this field. An analysis of CEPOL and OLAF is also given. OLAF is not a unit which was established to facilitate police cooperation nonetheless its mandate covers fraud and other crimes affecting the European Community's financial interests. Hence in undertaking its tasks OLAF invariably works closely with enforcement agencies. Chapter 2 subsequently outlines agencies which were established with the primary objective of enhancing judicial cooperation among the member states. Herein an in-depth-analysis in relation to Eurojust and EJN is provided. Chapter 3 deals with the inter-relationship which exists between the agencies mentioned in the first two chapters. These relationships are essential so as to avoid duplication of efforts and as to enhance possible joint action against cross-border crime. In fact one should appreciate that both enforcement agencies and even judicial agencies contribute to the criminal investigations and in the eventual prosecution. This chapter refers also to JITs which is considered to be a promising tool in the practical fight against cross-border crime. Chapter 4 than deals briefly with the five instruments which the EU has recently adopted upon the principle of mutual recognition. Throughout this thesis reference is made w the Maltese position in relation to the above-mentioned European developments. In addition the conclusion puts forward by way of critique a number of suggestions so as to enhance the fight against crime within the EU with special reference to the Maltese scenario.
Description: LL.D.
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacLaw - 1958-2009

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