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dc.date.accessioned2021-06-16T09:43:51Z-
dc.date.available2021-06-16T09:43:51Z-
dc.date.issued2020-
dc.identifier.citationBrincat, A. (2020). Cross border cooperation on opioid trafficking along the Balkan Route (Bachelor's dissertation).en_GB
dc.identifier.urihttps://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/77338-
dc.descriptionB.A.(HONS)CRIMINOLOGYen_GB
dc.description.abstractProximity to Afghanistan, porous borders, corruption, conflicts, and borders on remote coastal areas offer ideal conditions for drug trafficking. The battle against illicit opioids trafficking from Afghanistan remains the longest-running cooperative crime agenda of the EU and Central and Western Asian governmental agencies. The purpose of this study is to present a detailed analysis of cross border cooperation issues of Balkan Route countries using qualitative methods. In particular, this dissertation presents findings from case studies of cross border cooperation in Iran and Turkey with the collection, analysis and dissemination components of the Intelligence Cycle as a foundation for this research. PESTEL and SWOT analysis tools are used for the analysis of these case studies. The study highlights the high level of cooperation between organised crime groups emphasising the need and importance for effective cross border cooperation between Balkan Route countries. Several factors impacting cross border cooperation at the national, regional, and inter-regional level have been identified. Findings indicate that corruption is a common issue for many Balkan Route countries indicating a limited capacity of border officials to refuse criminal bribery. At the national level, Iran and Turkey lack both inter-agency sharing between law enforcement and judicial agencies as well as a shared criminal database. At the regional level, several cooperation mechanisms exist in the EU, South-Eastern Europe and Central and Western Asia; however, political tensions hamper cooperative efforts with Iran and Turkey evidenced by the lack of joint investigations and operations. Inter-agency cooperation between the EU and Iran and Turkey is hindered by rigorous government control, widespread public unrest, and human rights violations. Based on these findings, therefore, the author of this paper proposes recommendations for enhancing cross border cooperation between the EU and Western and Central Asia.en_GB
dc.language.isoenen_GB
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccessen_GB
dc.subjectOpioidsen_GB
dc.subjectDrug traffic -- Balkan Peninsulaen_GB
dc.subjectInternational cooperationen_GB
dc.subjectEuropean cooperationen_GB
dc.subjectRegionalism -- Europeen_GB
dc.titleCross border cooperation on opioid trafficking along the Balkan Routeen_GB
dc.typebachelorThesisen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Maltaen_GB
dc.publisher.departmentFaculty for Social Wellbeing. Department of Criminologyen_GB
dc.description.reviewedN/Aen_GB
dc.contributor.creatorBrincat, Amanda (2020)-
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacSoW - 2020
Dissertations - FacSoWCri - 2020

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