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dc.contributor.authorSammut, Gordon-
dc.identifier.citationSammut, G. (2019). The motivational staircase: evolutionary insights from reversal theory. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 25(4), 346-348.en_GB
dc.description.abstractThis paper discusses key insights from Reversal theory in evolutionary perspective. Reversal theory proposes four motivational states that may serve to justify and motivate the act of fighting. Individual soldiers are variably motivated in combat. Consequently, they respond to different construals of war depending on their idiosyncratic motivations. This paper proposes that these variable motivations are rooted in our genetic baggage and that they have evolved to cater for different demands posed by our shared environment for evolutionary adaptation. Specifically, the paper outlines a motivational staircase comprised of four evolutionary stages, namely survival, social instincts, reciprocity and social contract, which have provided us with a range of motivations that bear on individuals’ decisions to act, including combat. The paper concludes by arguing that understanding variable motivational states furthers our understanding of when individuals choose to collaborate with each for competitive purposes.en_GB
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Associationen_GB
dc.subjectReversal theory (Psychology)en_GB
dc.subjectMotivation (Psychology) -- Social aspectsen_GB
dc.subjectNeed (Psychology) -- Social aspectsen_GB
dc.subjectSocial contracten_GB
dc.titleThe motivational staircase : evolutionary insights from reversal theoryen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publication.titlePeace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychologyen_GB
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