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Title: Acoustic measurements in the collimation region of the LHC
Authors: Deboy, Daniel
Assmann, Ralph W.
Baccigalupi, C.
Burkart, Florian
Demicoli, Marija
Derrez, Clement
Lendaro, J.
Masi, Alessandro
Redaelli, Stefano
Spiezia, G.
Wollmann, Daniel
Keywords: Particle accelerators
Superconducting magnets
Sound -- Measurement
Collimators (Optical instrument)
Particle methods (Numerical analysis)
Robust control
Issue Date: 2011
Citation: Deboy, D., Masi, A., Wollmann, D., Spiezia, G., Baccigalupi, C., Burkart, F., ... & Cauchi, M. (2011). Acoustic measurements in the collimation region of the LHC. 2nd International Particle Accelerator Conference, San Sebastian.
Abstract: The LHC accelerator at CERN has the most advanced collimation system ever being installed. The collimators intercept unavoidable particle losses and therefore are essential to avoid beam induced quenches of the superconducting magnets. In addition, they provide passive machine protection against mis-kicked beams. During material robustness tests on a LHC collimator prototype in 2004 and 2006, vibration and acoustic measurements have shown that a beam impact detection system should be feasible using accelerometers and microphones as sensors in the LHC. Recently, such sensors have been installed close to the primary collimators in the LHC tunnel. First analyses of raw data show that the system is sensitive enough to detect beam scraping on collimators. Therefore, the implementation of a sophisticated acoustic monitoring system is under investigation. It may be useful not only to detect beam impacts on primary collimators in case of failure, but also to derive further information on beam losses that occur during regular operation. This paper gives an overview on the recent installation, results of the acoustic measurements made at the LHC, and future plans.
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