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dc.contributor.authorSpiteri, Stephen C.-
dc.identifier.citationSpiteri, S. C. (2014). Hospitaller defensive strategy at the turn of the seventeenth century : the need for coastal defences. In R. Abela (Ed.), The Turkish raid of 1614 (pp. 94-102). Żejtun : Wirt iż-Żejtun.en_GB
dc.description.abstractFor most of the sixteenth century, the Knights of St John had focused all their resources and military planning on securing the safety of their convent and its naval facilities inside the Grand Harbour. This left little money and energy which could be spared for the protection of the islands' shores and its rural areas. The renewed Turkish incursions into the Western Mediterranean towards the late 1500s, however, meant that the Order could no longer continue to ignore the problem posed by the islands' defencless and exposed shores, and the vulnerability of the rural population to the threat of the predatory activities of Turkish and Barbary corsairs. Under the leadership of Grand Master Alof de Wignacourt, however, the Knights began to address the problem by introducing a -number of coastal defences designed to serve both as vigilant sentinels and physical barriers to invasion. By the time of the Turkish razzia of 1614, three such coastal fortini had been built and one of these, Torre S. Luciano, played an active role in the fateful events of that summer. These coastal defences, and others that followed in their wake, stirred by the events of 1614, were instrumental in establishing the foundations for a new coastal defence strategy - one that would shape and dictate the islands' fortification schemes and the Knights' defensive posture throughout the remainder of the Order's rule. This paper discuss the nature, scope, and limitations of the early seventeenth-century Hospitaller coastal defences.en_GB
dc.publisherWirt iż-Żejtunen_GB
dc.subjectMalta -- History -- 17th centuryen_GB
dc.subjectFortification -- Malta -- History -- 17th centuryen_GB
dc.subjectKnights of Malta -- History -- 17th centuryen_GB
dc.subjectOrder of St John -- History -- 17th centuryen_GB
dc.subjectCoast defenses -- Malta -- History -- 17th centuryen_GB
dc.subjectFort San Lucian (Marsaxlokk, Malta)en_GB
dc.subjectWignacourt Towers (Malta)en_GB
dc.subjectSt. Thomas Tower and Battery (Marsaskala, Malta)en_GB
dc.titleHospitaller defensive strategy at the turn of the seventeenth century : the need for coastal defencesen_GB
dc.title.alternativeThe Turkish raid of 1614en_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
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