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dc.identifier.citationCachia, G. (1975). Potatoes : Malta's cash crop : an economic history study of the growing and export of potatoes (Bachelor’s dissertation).en_GB
dc.description.abstractThe potato, the edible tuber of the potato plant, Solanum Tuberosum. It is a fleshy herbaceous plant of the deadly nightshade family. The plant, a native of the valleys of the Andes has been cultivated since the second century A.D. We have evidence of this in the form of pottery decorated with potato motifs. Potatoes were first introduced into Europe by the Spanish invaders of South America about 1580 - 1585, and then by the English at the time of Sir Walter Raleigh's visits to Virginia, The potato with the exception of Ireland, did not attain any importance in Europe until about the middle of the eighteenth century. It is possible that the potato met with such immediate success in Ireland because the small land holdings favoured a high yielding crop. Political unrest often caused the crops in whole areas to be devastated. Ordinary crops could not be used unless they had reached full maturity. The potato, however could be harvested at any time during its period of growth. By the eighteenth century it had attained such importance that the failure of the 1845 and 1846 crops due to late blight meant famine to the Irish peasants. Sir Walter Scott, who toured the Island commented about the Irish peasants: 'Their poverty is not exaggerated; it is on the extreme verge of human misery. Their cottages would scarce serve for pig-sties even in Scotland, and their cags seem the very refuse of the ragshop; such was the reliance of the Irish economy on the Potato crop. Germany and Poland also took to cultivating the potato seriously but their economies were never dependent on it.en_GB
dc.subjectPotatoes -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectPotatoes -- Transportationen_GB
dc.subjectInternational tradeen_GB
dc.subjectCash crops -- Maltaen_GB
dc.subjectAgriculture -- Economic aspects -- Maltaen_GB
dc.titlePotatoes : Malta's cash crop : an economic history study of the growing and export of potatoesen_GB
dc.rights.holderThe copyright of this work belongs to the author(s)/publisher. The rights of this work are as defined by the appropriate Copyright Legislation or as modified by any successive legislation. Users may access this work and can make use of the information contained in accordance with the Copyright Legislation provided that the author must be properly acknowledged. Further distribution or reproduction in any format is prohibited without the prior permission of the copyright holder.en_GB
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Maltaen_GB
dc.publisher.departmentFaculty of Artsen_GB
dc.contributor.creatorCachia, George (1975)-
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacArt - 1964-1995

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