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Title: Monitoring environmental quality of coastal waters in Malta
Other Titles: Marine pollution in Malta, the problem and its management
Authors: Axiak, Victor
Vella, Alfred J.
Keywords: Water -- Pollution -- Malta
Coastal zone management -- Malta
Intracoastal waterways -- Malta
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: Malta Council for Science and Technology
Citation: Axiak, V., & Vella, A. J. (1996). Monitoring environmental quality of coastal waters in Malta . In V. Axiak (Ed.), Marine pollution in Malta, the problem and its management (pp. 42-51). Valletta : Malta Council for Science and Technology.
Abstract: This presentation aims at reviewing our present knowledge of the state of environmental quality of local coastal waters and sediments so as to identify any major problems of marine contamination as well as make recommendations for the development of a comprehensive environmental monitoring programme.
Apart from Monaco, the Maltese islands have the highest population density in the Mediterranean. This is approximately 1100 inhabitants per km2. Summer tourism may be expected to increase this figure to 3655 inhabitants per km2 each year. As an island-state, Malta has also one of the smallest land areas, which is 316 km2 • The high population density, small size and relatively high standard of living and economic development have led to great anthropogenic pressures being exerted on the environmental quality of our coastal areas.
In general, over the past 40 years there was a progressive loss of natural coastal habitats mostly to touristic developments. The few sandy beaches have been exposed to excessive sand erosion, mostly due to inland building developments. More recently, the number of leisure power boats have increased tremendously to the extent that many popular bathing sites are changed into unofficial summer marinas. Industrial and urban waste waters are mostly discharged untreated into the coastal waters, and several infrastructural problems lead to. a deterioration of water quality rendering a number of popular sites unfit for bathing during the summer months. Marine litter has increased and there are reports of significant accumulations on some seabed areas. It is evident that our coastal marine resources are at risk from mismanagement and unplanned development leading to a general deterioration in coastal environmental quality.
ISBN: 999096808X
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacSciChe

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