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Title: The COVID-19 tale of the six European microstates : how did these “overlooked” microstates fare?
Authors: Cuschieri, Sarah
Attard Mallia, Tamara
Piscopo, Elaine
Pace, Anneka
Chatlani, Daniela
Mifsud, Karl
Mifsud, Nicole
Vella, Jake
Cuschieri, Andrea
Keywords: COVID-19 (Disease) -- Andorra -- Statistics
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Liechtenstein -- Statistics
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Malta -- Statistics
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Monaco -- Statistics
COVID-19 (Disease) -- San Marino -- Statistics
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Vatican City -- Statistics
States, Small -- Health aspects
COVID-19 (Disease) -- Vaccination
COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020- -- Statistics
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: IJEHS
Citation: Cuschieri, S., Attard Mallia, T., Piscopo, E., Pace, A., Chatlani, D., Mifsud, K.,...Cuschieri, A. (2022). The COVID-19 tale of the six European Microstates: How did these “overlooked” microstates fare?. International Journal of Epidemiology and Health Sciences, 3(4): e31.
Abstract: Background: COVID-19 has impacted the European microstates of Andorra, Liechtenstein, Malta, Monaco, the Republic of San Marino, and Vatican City. Even though they have similar population sizes, they are rarely studied. The goal was to summarize the COVID-19 situation (January 2020–July 2021) for these microstates, as well as the outcome and immunization roll-out throughout the first 18 months. While researching COVID-19 incidence and mortality trends among microstates and their land bordering nations, Methods: Epidemiological data was gathered from the database "Our World in Data," whereas COVID-19-related tactics were based on Ministry of Health webpages and local newspapers. Using COVID-19 data (where applicable), the six microstates and their adjacent nations were compared. Results: From the start of COVID-19 until August 1, 2021, the microstates reported a total of 60,174 positive cases and 730 deaths. Andorra had the greatest rates of COVID-19 infection (190 per 1,000) and mortality (1.66 per 1,000). The microstates had similar COVID-19 results, but their bordering nations shared the most striking similarities. COVID-19 cases, fatality rates, and vaccine doses all have a bidirectional link. Conclusion: Whether land borders exist, timely mitigation measures and vaccination rollouts appear to be the keys to pandemic containment. The greatest pandemic impact on a country, however, appears to be dependent on cross-border transmission rates.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SAna

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