University of Malta

Referencing Guides
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Referencing is the process of providing detailed information on all sources consulted to compile an article, book chapter, essay or dissertation both within the text (in-text citations) and at the end of your work (reference list or bibliography).  This will allow readers to easily locate the original sources and consult them. 

Further Help
For further help you can contact us by sending an email at or by phone on 2340 2541.

Referencing Guides

Referencing is important as it shows the reader that you have researched the subject widely and adds weight to your arguments by supporting them with relevant literature.

It also separates your ideas/results from someone else’s findings by giving credit to the authors of the cited works. Referencing shows the credibility and quality of resources used and helps you avoid plagiarism.

You should reference all sources that you cited in your text (reference list) as well as sources used to prepare the writing (bibliography).

Plagiarism is a term used when an author either purposely or unintentionally presents someone else’s work as if it is his/her own work. Therefore, using other people’s ideas/works without citing the sources is considered as plagiarism. 

Always remember that if you are quoting, paraphrasing or summarising someone else’s work, you always need to acknowledge the source. 

Be careful of self-plagiarism. Using your previously submitted work without acknowledging it is also considered as a form of plagiarism. 

Plagiarism is treated very seriously and results in disciplinary action.

What is a Reference Management Software?
A reference management software allows you to collect, store, organise , add notes, link (to full-text, web pages and documents), cite, and create bibliographies in your preferred reference style.

RefWorks is a software that will help you compile your bibliography with just a click of a button! 

You may attend a RefWorks workshop to learn how to:
• add references manually into your personal RefWorks account
• export references from online sources such as online databases that the Library subscribes to and Google Scholar
• save references in different folders according to your assignments and research
• create a bibliography in your preferred reference style
• use Write-n-Cite - a tool that will help you insert in-text citations and footnotes in your assignments, dissertations, long essays, projects or articles



Donation of Melitensia works
from family of the late Dr Joseph Bartolo BA, LLD

Summer Opening Hours
17 June - 30 September 2019

Last Updated: 18 April 2019

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