Speaker: Prof. Eugenio-Enrique Cortés-Ramírez.
Chairperson: Prof. Carmel Borg, Editor, Malta Review of Educational Research (MRER)
In the Spanish Renaissance education was still in the Roman Catholic Church's hands and was considered not as a people's right but as a luxury available to the highest and most powerful classes of society. In 1876, a group of intellectuals, led by Francisco Giner de los Ríos, advanced the idea that secular education was a true public good and, therefore, should serve the people. For this purpose, Giner de los Rios founded the so-called Institución Libre de Enseñanza. However, it was in 1931, with the advent of the Second Republic when, in fact, these ideas were put into practice. One of the primary objectives of this new regime was the reinvention of education as the main vehicle to creating a modern society composed of free individuals. Education and Teacher Education was perceived by the Republicans as a viable strategy to bringing Spain into Modernity.